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Childhood Cancer Survivors

Technical Reading


The following excerpt is taken from Appendix B of Childhood Cancer Survivors: A Practical Guide to Your Future by Nancy Keene, Wendy Hobbie & Kathy Ruccione, copyright 2000 by O'Reilly & Associates, Inc. For book orders/information, call (800) 998-9938. Permission is granted to print and distribute this excerpt for noncommercial use as long as the above source is included. The information in this article is meant to educate and should not be used as an alternative for professional medical care.

Newly published medical textbooks are typically two to three years behind the latest medical information and research findings. More than 3,000 medical journals, written by and for doctors and scientists, present the most recent discoveries. More and more people are getting involved in researching their own conditions and becoming more active in healthcare decision-making.

While there are numerous reasons for fully understanding your risks for late effects, there are also very good reasons why you might want to restrict your research to particular areas, get a friend or family member to help, or not research at all. Chapter 13, "Researching the Medical Literature," in Nancy Keene's book Working with Your Doctor outlines the pros and cons of researching. It also explains how to conduct a basic search, find experts in specific medical conditions, and use a medical library.

The following journal article citations are but a few of the thousands available on the late effects of childhood cancer. You can get the full text of these articles from your nearest medical school library, hospital library, or through interlibrary loan at your public library.

Survivorship

Arceci, R. "Comprehensive Pediatric Hematology Oncology Programs: Standard requirements for children and adolescents with cancer and blood disorders." The American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology News 1, no. 2 (1996).

Hollen, P.J., and W. Hobbie. "Establishing comprehensive specialty follow-up clinic for long-term survivors of cancer." Supportive Care Cancer 3 (1995): 40-4.

Konsler, G.K., and G.R. Jones. "Transition issues for survivors of childhood cancer and their healthcare providers." Cancer Practice 1, no. 4 (Nov-Dec 1993): 319-24.

Masera, G., et al. "SIOP working committee on psychosocial issues in pediatric oncology: guidelines for care of long-term survivors." Medical Pediatric Oncology 27, no. 1 (Jul 1996): 1-2.

Marina, N. "Long-term survivors of childhood cancer. The medical consequences of cure." Pediatric Clinics of North America 44, no. 4 (Aug 1997): 1021-42.

Meadows, A.T. "Curing cancer in children: minimizing price, maximizing value." Journal of Clinical Oncology 13, no. 8 (Aug 1995): 1837-9.

Meadows, A.T. "Follow-up and care of childhood cancer survivors." Hospital Practice (Off Ed) 26, no. 2 (15 Feb 1991): 99-102.

Meadows, A.T., et al. "Long-term survival. Clinical care, research, and education." Cancer 71, no. 10 Supplement (15 May 1993): 3213-5.

Monaco, G.P. "The partnership of empowerment: caregivers and survivors." Journal of Psychosocial Oncology 10 (1992): 121-133.

Oeffinger, K.C., et al. "Programs for adult survivors of childhood cancer." Journal of Clinical Oncology 16, no. 8 (1998): 2864-7.

Schwartz, C.L. "Long-term survivors of childhood cancer: the late effects of therapy." Oncologist 4, no. 1 (1999): 45-54.

Wingard, J.R. "Quality of life following bone marrow transplantation." Current Opinions Neurology 10, no. 2 (Mar 1998): 108-11.

Emotions

Barakat, L.P., et al. "Families surviving childhood cancer: a comparison of posttraumatic stress symptoms with families of healthy children." Journal of Pediatric Psychology 22, no. 6 (1997): 843-59.

Gray, R.E. "Psychologic adaptation of survivors of childhood cancer." Cancer 70, no. 11 (Dec 1992): 2713-21.

Greenberg, H.S., et al. "Psychologic functioning in 8-16-year-old cancer survivors and their parents." Journal of Pediatrics 114, no. 3 (Mar 1989): 488-93.

Hollen, P.J., and W.L. Hobbie. "Risk taking and decision making of adolescent long-term survivors of cancer." Oncology Nursing Forum 17 (1994): 137-48.

Kazak, A.E., et al. "Posttraumatic stress, family functioning, and social support in survivors of childhood leukemia and their mothers and fathers." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 65 (1997): 120-9.

Kazak, A.E., et al. "Young adult cancer survivors and their parents: adjustment, learning problems, and gender." Journal of Family Psychology 8, no. 1 (1994): 74-84.

Lansky, S., et al. "Psychosocial consequences of cure." Cancer 58 (1986): 529-33.

Mulhern, R.K., et al. "Social competence and behavioral adjustment of children who are long-term survivors of cancer." Pediatrics 83 (1989): 18-25.

Stuber, M.L., et al. "Posttrauma symptoms in childhood leukemia survivors and their parents." Psychosomatics 37, no. 3 (May-Jun 1996): 254-61.

Zeltzer, L.K., et al. "Comparison of psychologic outcomes in adult survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia versus sibling controls: A cooperative Children's Cancer Group and National Institutes of Health study." Journal of Clinical Oncology 15 (1997): 547-56.

Relationships

Aisner, J., et al. "Pregnancy outcome in patients treated for Hodgkin's disease." Journal of Clinical Oncology 11, no. 3 (1993): 507-12.

Byrne, J., et al. "Reproductive problems and birth defects in survivors of Wilms' tumor and their relatives." Medical Pediatric Oncology 16, no. 4 (1988): 233-40.

Chang, P.N. "Psychosocial needs of long-term childhood cancer survivors: a review of literature." Pediatrician 18, no. 1 (1991): 20-4.

Draper, G.J., et al. "Patterns of risk of hereditary retinoblastoma and applications to genetic counseling." British Journal of Cancer 66, no. 1 (Jul 1992): 211-9.

Green, D.M., et al. "Birth defects and childhood cancer in offspring of survivors of childhood cancer." Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 151, no. 4 (Apr 1997): 379-83.

Grosfeld, F.J., et al. "Psychological risks of genetically testing children for a hereditary cancer syndrome." Patient Education Counseling 32, no. 1-2 (Sept-Oct 1997): 63-7.

Kenney, L.B., et al. "Birth defects in offspring of adult survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. A Children's Cancer Group/National Institutes of Health Report." Cancer 78, no. 1 (1 Jul 1996): 169-76.

Kokkonen, J., et al. "Physical and psychosocial outcome for young adults with treated malignancy." Pediatric Hematology/Oncology 14, no. 3 (May-Jun 1997): 223-32.

Li, F.P., et al. "Outcome of pregnancy in survivors of Wilms' tumor." Journal of the American Medical Association 257, no. 2 (Jan 1987): 216-9.

Nicholson, H.S., and J. Byrne. "Fertility and pregnancy after treatment for cancer during childhood or adolescence." Cancer 71, no. 10 Supplement (15 May 1993): 3392-9. Review.

Nicholson, H.S., et al. "Uterine anomalies in Wilms' tumor survivors." Cancer 78, no. 4 (15 Aug 1996): 887-91.

Patenaude, A.F., et al. "Attitudes of 47 mothers of pediatric oncology patients toward genetic testing for cancer predisposition." Journal of Clinical Oncology 14, no. 2 (Feb 1996): 415-21.

Pendley, J.S., et al. "Body image and psychosocial adjustment in adolescent cancer survivors." Journal of Pediatric Psychology 22, no. 1 (Feb 1997): 29-43.

Puukko, L.R., et al. "Impaired body image of young female survivors of childhood leukemia." Psychosomatics 38, no. 1 (Jan-Feb 1997): 54-62.

Ropponen, P., et al. "Psychosexual problems in male childhood malignancy survivors." Acta Psychiatry Scandinavia 85, no.2 (Feb 1992): 143-6.

Ruccione, K. "Cancer and genetics: what we need to know now." Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing 16, no. 3 (Jul 1999): 156-71.

Sankila, R., et al. "Risk of cancer among offspring of childhood-cancer survivors. Association of the Nordic Cancer Registries and the Nordic Society of Paediatric Haematology and Oncology." New England Journal of Medicine 338, no. 19 (7 May 1998): 1339-44.

Wertz, D.C., J.H. Fanos, and P.R. Reilly. "Genetic testing for children and adolescents. Who decides?" Journal of the American Medical Association 272, no. 11 (21 Sept 1994): 875-81.

Williams, P.D. "Siblings and pediatric chronic illness: a review of the literature." International Journal of Nursing Studies 34, no. 4 (Aug 1997): 312-23.

Zeltzer, L.K. "Cancer in adolescents and young adults: psychosocial aspects." Cancer 71, no. 10 Supplement (13 May 1993): 3463-8.

Zeltzer, L.K., et al. "Sibling adaptation to childhood cancer collaborative study: health outcomes of siblings of children with cancer." Medical Pediatric Oncology 27, no. 2 (Aug 1996): 98-107.

Navigating the System

Americans with Disabilities Act. Pub. L. No. 101-336 (1990).

Christ, G.H. "Social consequences of the cancer experience." American Journal of Hematology and Oncology 9 (1987): 84-8.

Clark, E., and E. Stovall. "Advocacy: the cornerstone of cancer survivorship." Cancer Practice 4 (1996): 239-44.

Green, D.M., et al. "Achievement of life goals by adult survivors of modern treatment for childhood cancer." Cancer 67, no. 1 (1 Jan 1991): 206-13.

Hays, D.M. "Adult survivors of childhood cancer. Employment and insurance issues in different age groups." Cancer 71, no. 10 Supplement (15 May 1993): 3306-9.

Haupt, R., et al. "Educational attainment in long-term survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia." Journal of the American Medical Association 272, no. 18 (9 Nov 1994): 1427-32.

Hoffman, B. "Cancer survivors' employment and insurance rights: a primer for oncologists." Oncology Huntingt 13, no. 6 (Jun 1999): 841-6; discussion 846, 849, 852.

Holmes, G.E., et al. "The availability of insurance to long-time survivors of childhood cancer." Cancer 57, no. 1 (1 Jan 1986): 190-3.

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Pub. L. No. 101-476 (1990).

Monaco, G.P. "The partnership of empowerment: caregivers and survivors." Journal of Psychosocial Oncology 10 (1992): 121.

Monaco, G.P. "Chapter 54: Pediatric cancer: advocacy, legal, insurance, and employment issues." Principles and Practice of Pediatric Oncology. Lippencott, 1997.

Peckham, V.C. "Educational deficits in survivors of childhood cancer." Pediatrician 18 (1991): 25-31.

Rehabilitation Act Pub. L. No. 93-112, 504 (1973).

Taylor, H.G., and C. Schatschneider. "Academic achievement following childhood brain disease: implications for the concept of learning disabilities." Journal of Learning Disabilities 25 (1992): 630-8.

Tebbi, C.K., et al. "Long-term vocational adjustment of cancer patients diagnosed during adolescence." Cancer 63 (1989): 213.

Van Dongen-Melman, J.E., et al. "Cranial Radiation is the major cause of learning problems in children treated for leukemia and lymphoma: a comparative study." Leukemia 11 (1997): 1197-2000.

Wissler, K.H. "Navigating the educational system: a practical guide for nurse practitioners." Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing 16, no. 3 (Jul 1999).

Staying Healthy

Becker, U., et al. "Prediction of risk of liver disease by alcohol intake, sex, and age: a prospective population study." Hepatology 23, no. 5 (May 1996): 1025-9.

Blair, S.N., et al. "Physical fitness and all-cause mortality. A prospective study of healthy men and women." Journal of the American Medical Association 262, no. 17 (3 Nov 1989): 2395-401.

Bolinger, C. "Smoking prevention in childhood cancer survivors." Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing 11, no. 4 (Oct 1994): 167-71.

Bradley, K.A., et al. "Medical risks for women who drink alcohol." Journal of General Internal Medicine 13, no. 9 (Sept. 1998): 627-39.

Haupt, R., et al. "Smoking habits in survivors of childhood and adolescent cancer." Medical Pediatric Oncology 20, no. 4 (1992): 301-6.

Hollen, P.A., W.L. Hobbie, and S.M. Finley. Cancer Nursing 20, no. 5 (1997): 305-14.

Kampert, J.B., et al. "Physical activity, physical fitness, and all-cause and cancer mortality: a prospective study of men and women." American Epidemiology 6, no. 5 (Sept 1996): 452-7.

Karagas, M., et al. "Risk of basal cell and squamous cell skin cancers after ionizing radiation therapy." Journal of the National Cancer Institute 28 (1988): 1848-53.

Lee, I.M., C.C. Hsieh, and R.S. Paffebarger. "Exercise intensity and longevity in men. The Harvard Alumni health study." Journal of the American Medical Association 273, no. 15 (19 Apr 1995): 1179-84.

Mulhern, R.K., et al. "Health-related behaviors of survivors of childhood cancer." Medical Pediatric Oncology 25, no. 3 (Sept 1995): 159-165.

Robison, L.L. "Issues in the consideration of intervention strategies in long-term survivors of childhood cancer." Cancer 71, no. 10 Suppl (15 May 1993): 3406-10.

Tyc, V.L., et al. "Tobacco use among pediatric cancer patients: recommendations for developing clinical smoking interventions." Journal of Clinical Oncology 15, no. 6 (Jun 1997): 2194-204.

Smith-Warner, S. A., et al. "Alcohol and breast cancer in women: a pooled analysis of cohort studies." Journal of the American Medical Association 279, no. 7 (18 Feb 1998): 535-40.

Stofan, J.R., et al. "Physical activity patterns associated with cardiorespiratory fitness and reduced mortality: the aerobics center longitudinal study." American Journal of Public Health 88, no. 12 (Dec 1998): 1807-13.

Wasserman, A.L., et al. "The psychological status of survivors of childhood/adolescent Hodgkin's disease." American Journal Diseases of Children 141 (1987): 626-31.

Fatigue

Ferrell, B.R., et al. "Bone tired: the experience of fatigue and its impact on quality of life." Oncology Nursing Forum 23, no. 10 (1996): 1539-47.

Graydon, J.E., et al. "Fatigue-reducing strategies used by patients receiving treatment for cancer." Cancer Nursing 18 (1995): 23-8.

Loge, J.H. "Hodgkin's disease survivors more fatigued than the general population." Journal of Clinical Oncology 17, no. 1 (Jan 1999): 253.

Harpham, W. "Resolving the frustration of fatigue." CA -- A Cancer Journal for Clinicians 49 (1999): 178-89.

Portenoy, R.K., and C. Miaskowski. "Assessment and management of cancer-related fatigue." Principles and Practice of Supportive Oncology. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott-Raven Publishers, 1998, 109-18.

Portenoy, R.K., and L.M. Itri. "Cancer-related fatigue: guidelines for evaluation and management." Oncologist 4, no. 1 (1999): 1-10.

Vogelzang, N.J., et al. "Patient, caregiver, and oncologist perceptions of cancer-related fatigue: results of a tripart assessment survey." The Fatigue Coalition. Seminars in Hematology 34, no. 3 Supplement 2(1997): 4-12.

Brain and Nerves

Brown, R.T., et al. "Longitudinal follow-up of the intellectual and academic functioning of children receiving central nervous system-prophylactic chemotherapy for leukemia: a four-year final report." Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 20, no. 5 (Oct 1999): 373-7.

Burns, B.V., and J.C. Shotton. "Vocal fold palsy following vinca alkaloid treatment." Journal of Laryngology and Otology 112, no. 5 (May 1998): 485-7.

Butler, R.W., et al. "Neuropsychologic effects of cranial irradiation, intrathecal methotrexate, and systemic methotrexate in childhood cancer." Journal of Clinical Oncology 12, no. 12 (Dec 1994): 2621-9.

Cohen, B.H., et al. "Brain tumors in children under 2 years: treatment, survival and long-term prognosis." Pediatric Neurosurgery 19, no. 4 (Jul-Aug 1993): 171-9.

Constine, L., et al. "Adverse effects of brain irradiation correlated with MR and CT imaging." International Journal of Radiation Oncology and Biological Physics 15 (1988): 319-30.

Cool, V.A. "Long-term neuropsychological risks in pediatric bone marrow transplant: what do we know?" Bone Marrow Transplantation 3 Supplement (Dec 1996): S45-9.

Copeland, D.R., et al. "Neuropsychologic effects of chemotherapy on children with cancer: a longitudinal study." Journal of Clinical Oncology 14, no. 10 (Oct 1996): 2826-35.

Glantz, M.J., et al. "Treatment of radiation-induced nervous system injury with heparin and warfarin." Neurology 44, no. 11 (Nov 1994): 2020-7.

Glauser, T.A., and R.J. Packer. "Cognitive deficits in long-term survivors of childhood brain tumors." Child's Nervous System 7, no. 1 (Feb 1991): 2-12.

Gamis, A.S., and M.E. Nesbit. "Neuropsychologic (cognitive) disabilities in long-term survivors of childhood cancer." Pediatrician 18, no. 1 (1991): 11-9.

Hill, J.M. "A comparative study of the long term psychosocial functioning of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia survivors treated with intrathecal methotrexate with or without cranial radiation." Cancer 82, no. 1 (1998): 208-18.

Hockauf, H., and R. Sailer. "Postoperative recurrent nerve palsy." Head Neck Surgery 4, no. 5 (May-Jun 1982): 380-4.

Jankovic, M., et al. "Association of 1800 cGy cranial irradiation with intellectual function in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. ISPACC. International Study Group on Psychosocial Aspects of Childhood Cancer." Lancet 344, no. 8917 (23 Jul 1994): 224-7.

Johnson, D.L., et al. "Quality of long-term survival in young children with medulloblastoma." Neurosurgery 80, no. 6 (Jun 1994): 1004-10.

Margileth, D.A., et al. "Blindness during remission in two patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a possible complication of multimodality therapy." Cancer 39, no. 1 (Jan 1977): 58-61.

Mulhern, R.K., et al. "Long-term survivors of leukemia treated in infancy: factors associated with neuropsychologic status." Journal of Clinical Oncology 10, no. 7 (Jul 1992): 1095-102.

Packer, R.J. "Childhood medulloblastoma: progress and future challenges." Brain Development 21, no. 2 (Mar 1999): 75-81.

Packer, R.J., et al. "Long-term sequelae of cancer treatment on the central nervous system in childhood." Medical Pediatric Oncology 15, no. 5 (1987): 241-53.

Peckham, V.C. "Educational deficits in survivors of childhood cancer." Pediatrician 18, no. 1 (1991): 25-31.

Radcliffe, J., et al. "Three- and four-year cognitive outcome in children with noncortical brain tumors treated with whole-brain radiotherapy." Annals of Medicine 32, no. 4 (Oct 1992): 551-4.

Seaver, E., et al. "Psychosocial adjustment in long-term survivors of childhood medulloblastoma and ependymoma treated with craniospinal irradiation." Pediatric Neurosurgery 20, no. 4 (1994): 248-53.

Silber, J.H., et al. "Whole brain irradiation and decline in intelligence: the influence of dose and age on IQ score." Journal of Clinical Oncology 10 (1991): 390-6.

Sutton, L.N., et al. "Long-term outcome of hypothalamic/chiasmatic astrocytomas in children treated with conservative surgery." Journal of Neurosurgery 83, no. 4 (Oct 1995): 583-9.

Stern, Y., et al. "Vocal cord palsy: possible late complication of radiotherapy for head and neck cancer." Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology 104, no. 4 pt. 1 (Apr 1995): 294-6.

Takimoto, T., et al. "Radiation-induced cranial nerve palsy: hypoglossal nerve and vocal cord palsies." Journal of Largngology and Otology 105, no. 1 (Jan 1991): 44-5.

Waber, D.P., et al. "The relationship of sex and treatment modality to neuropsychologic outcome in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia." Journal of Clinical Oncology 10, no. 5 (May 1992): 810-7.

Hormone-producing Glands

Boulad, F., et al. "Thyroid dysfunction following bone marrow transplantation using hyperfractionated radiation." Bone Marrow Transplantation 15, no. 1 (Jan 1995): 71-6.

Bramswig, J.H., et al. "The effects of different cumulative doses of chemotherapy on testicular function." Cancer 65 (1990): 1298-302.

Byrne, J., et al. "Effects of treatment on fertility in long-term survivors of childhood or adolescent cancer." New England Journal of Medicine 317 (1987): 1315-21.

Chin, D., et al. "Thyroid dysfunction as a late effect in survivors of pediatric medulloblastoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumors: a comparison of hyperfractionated versus conventional radiotherapy." Cancer 80, no. 4 (15 Aug 1997): 798-804.

Clayton, P.E., et al. "Ovarian function following chemotherapy for childhood brain tumours." Medical Pediatric Oncology 17, no. 2 (1989): 92-6.

Constine, L.S., et al. "Hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction after radiation for brain tumors." New England Journal of Medicine 328, no. 2 (Jan 1993): 87-94.

daCunha, M.F., et al. "Recovery of spermatogenesis after treatment for Hodgkin's disease: limiting dose of MOPP chemotherapy." Journal of Clinical Oncology 2 (1984): 571-7.

Greenspan, F.S. "Radiation exposure and thyroid cancer." Journal of the American Medical Association 237, no. 19 (9 May 1977): 2089-91.

Hancock, S., et al. "Thyroid abnormalities after therapeutic external radiation." International Journal of Radiation Oncology and Biological Physics 31, no. 5 (30 Mar 1995): 1165-70.

Heyn, R., et al. "Late effects of therapy in patients with paratesticular rhabdomyosarcoma, Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study Committee." Journal of Clinical Oncology 10 (1992): 614-23.

Izard, M.A. "Leydig cell function and radiation: a review of the literature." Radiotherapy and Oncology 34, no. 1 (Jan 1995): 1-8.

Kirk, J.A., et al. "Growth failure and growth-hormone deficiency after treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia." Lancet 1, no. 8526 (24 Jan 1987): 190-3.

Kroll, S.S., et al. "Long-term effects of radiotherapy administered in childhood for the treatment of malignant diseases." Annals of Surgical Oncology 1, no. 6 (Nov 1994): 473-9.

Kulkarni, S.S., et al. "Gonadal function following ABVD therapy for Hodgkin's disease." American Journal of Clinical Oncology 20, no. 4 (Aug 1997): 354-7.

Mohn, A., et al. "Thyroid function in children treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia." Endocrinology Investigations 20, no. 4 (Apr 1997): 215-9.

Oberfield, S.E., et al. "Age at onset of puberty following high-dose central nervous system radiation therapy." Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 150, no. 6 (Jun 1996): 589-92.

Oberfield, S.E., et al. "Endocrine late effects of childhood cancers." Pediatrics 131 (Jul 1997): S37-41.

Ogilvy-Stuart, A.L., P.E. Clayton, and S.M. Shalet. "Cranial irradiation and early puberty." Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 78, no. 6 (Jun 1994): 1282-6.

Ogilvy-Stuart, A.L., et al. "Endocrine deficit after fractionated total body irradiation." Archives of Disease in Childhood 67, no. 9 (Sept 1992): 1107-10.

Ogilvy-Stuart, A.L., S.M. Shalet, and H.R. Gattamaneni. "Thyroid function after treatment of brain tumors in children." Pediatrics 119, no. 5 (Nov 1991): 733-7.

Pedrick, T.J., and R.T. Hopp. "Recovery of spermatogenesis following pelvic irradiation for Hodgkin's disease." International Journal of Radiation Oncology and Biological Physics 12 (1986): 117-21.

Perrone, L., et al. "Prepubertal endocrine follow-up in subjects with Wilms' tumor." Medical Pediatric Oncology 16 (1988): 255-8.

Ried, H.L., et al. "Cryopreservation of semen from adolescent patients with malignancies." Medical Pediatric Oncology 28, no. 4 (Apr 1997): 322-33.

Sankila, Risto, et al. "Risk of cancer among offspring of childhood cancer survivors." New England Journal of Medicine 338, no. 19 (1998): 1339-44.

Simes, M.A., and J. Rautonen. "Small testicles with impaired production of sperm in adult male survivors of childhood malignancies." Cancer 65 (1990): 1310-6.

Sklar, C.A. "Growth and neuroendocrine dysfunction following therapy for childhood cancer." Pediatric Clinics of North America 44 (1997): 489-503.

Wallace, W.H., and C.J. Kelnar. "Late effects of antineoplastic therapy in childhood on growth and endocrine function." Drug Safety 15, no. 5 (Nov 1996): 325-32.

Wallace, W.H., et al. "Ovarian failure following abdominal irradiation in childhood: natural history and prognosis." Clinical Oncology (Royal College of Radiologists) 1, no. 2 (Nov 1989): 75-9.

Wingard, J.R., et al. "Growth in children after bone marrow transplantation: busulfan plus cyclophosphamide versus cyclophosphamide plus total body irradiation." Blood 79, no. 4 (15 Feb 1992): 1068-73.

Eyes and Ears

Amendola, B.E., et al. "Radiotherapy of retinoblastoma. A review of 63 children treated with different irradiation techniques." Medical Pediatric Oncology 26, no. 5 (May 1996): 297-304.

Blach, L.E., et al. "External beam radiation therapy and retinoblastoma: long-term results in the comparison of two techniques." Clinical Oncology 15, no. 3 (Mar 1997): 1183-9.

Collard, M., and Y. Chevalier. "Vertigo." Current Opinions Neurology 7, no. 1 (Feb 1994): 88-92.

De Marco, R., et al. "A retrospective study of ocular side effects in children undergoing bone marrow transplantation." Oncology 10, no. 6 (Jun 1996): 837-47.

Fontanesi, J., et al. "Treatment outcome and dose-response relationship in infants younger than 1 year treated for retinoblastoma with primary irradiation." Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 8, no. 3 (1992): 157-67.

Imhof, S.M., et al. "Quantification of orbital and mid-facial growth retardation after megavoltage external beam irradiation in children with retinoblastoma." Ophthalmology 103, no. 2 (Feb 1996): 263-8.

Ilveskoski, I., et al. "Ototoxicity in children with malignant brain tumors treated with the "8 in 1" chemotherapy protocol." Medical Pediatric Oncology 27, no. 1 (Jul 1996): 26-31.

Janjan, N.A. "Radiation effects on the eye." International Journal of Radiation Oncology and Biological Physics 35, no. 1 (1 Apr 1996): 45-51.

Kaste, S.C., et al. "Orbital development in long-term survivors of retinoblastoma." Pediatric Radiology 26, no. 6 (1996): 421-3.

Kau, R.J., et al. "Effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in patients with acute and chronic cochlear disorders." ORL; Journal of Otorhinolaryngology and its related specialties 59, no. 2 (Mar 1997): 79-83.

Landier, W. "Hearing loss related to ototoxicity in children with cancer." Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing 15 (1998): 195-206.

Madasu, R., et al. "Ototoxic effects of supradose cisplatin with sodium thiosulfate neutralization in patients with head and neck cancer." Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 123, no. 9 (Sept 1997): 978-81.

Miettinen, S., et al. "Radiotherapy enhanced ototoxicity of cisplatin in children." Acta Otolaryngolical Supplement 529 (1997): 90-4.

Parsons, J.T. "Response of the normal eye to high-dose radiotherapy." Clinical Plastic Surgery 20, no. 3 (Jul 1993): 535-49.

Rosenberg, S.I., et al. "Effect of melatonin on tinnitus." Laryngoscope 108, no. 3 (Mar 1998): 305-10.

Schell, M.J., et al. "Hearing loss in children and young adults receiving cisplatin with or without prior cranial irradiation." Journal of Clinical Oncology 7, no. 6 (Jun 1989): 754-60.

Skinner, R., et al. "Ototoxicity of cisplatinum in children and adolescents." British Journal of Cancer 61, no. 6 (Jun 1990): 927-31.

Weatherly, R.A., et al. "Cis-platinum ototoxicity in children." Laryngoscope 101, no. 9 (Sept 1991): 917-24.

Yue, N.C., and M.L. Benson. "The hourglass facial deformity as a consequence of orbital irradiation for bilateral retinoblastoma." Cancer 66, no. 1 (1 Jul 1990): 21-6.

Head and Neck

Appleton, R.E., et al. "Decline in head growth and cognitive impairment in survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia." Archives of Disease in Childhood 65, no. 5 (May 1990): 530-4.

Benninger, M.S., et al. "Factors associated with recurrence and voice quality following radiation therapy for T1 and T2 glottic carcinomas." Laryngoscope 104, no. 3 pt. 1 (Mar 1994): 294-8.

Blom, M., et al. "Acupuncture treatment of patients with radiation-induced xerostomia." European Journal of Cancer. Part B, Oral Oncology 32B, no. 3 (May 1996): 182-90.

Conger, A.D. "Loss and recovery of taste acuity in patients irradiated to the oral cavity." Radiation Research 53, no. 2 (Feb 1973): 338-47.

Dahllof, G., et al. "Disturbances in dental development after total body irradiation in bone marrow transplant recipients." Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology 65, no. 1 (Jan 1988): 41-4.

Dahllof, G., M. Bagesund, and O. Ringden. "Impact of conditioning regimens on salivary function, caries-associated microorganisms and dental caries in children after bone marrow transplantation. A 4-year longitudinal study." Bone Marrow Transplantation 20, no. 6 (Sept 1997): 479-83.

Dahllof, G., et al. "Risk factors for salivary dysfunction in children 1 year after bone marrow transplantation." Oral Oncology 33, no. 5 (Sept 1997): 327-31.

Dalzell, A.M., et al. "Esophageal stricture in children: fiber-optic endoscopy and dilatation under fluoroscopic control." Journal of Pediatrics Gastroenterology and Nutrition 15, no. 4 (Nov 1992): 426-30.

Joensuu, H., P. Bostrom, and T. Makkonen. "Pilocarpine and carbacholine in treatment of radiation-induced xerostomia." Radiotherapy and Oncology 26, no. 1 (Jan 1993): 33-7.

Kaste, S.C., et al. "Dental abnormalities in children treated for neuroblastoma." Medical Pediatric Oncology 30, no. 1 (Jan 1998): 22-7.

Kaste, S.C., et al. "Dental abnormalities in children treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia." Leukemia 11, no. 6 (Jun 1997): 792-6.

Kaste, S.C., K.P. Hopkins, and L.C. Bowman. "Dental abnormalities in long-term survivors of head and neck rhabdomyosarcoma." Medical Pediatric Oncology 25, no. 2 (Aug 1995): 96-101.

Keene, H.J., et al. "Cariogenic microflora in patients with Hodgkin's disease before and after mantle field radiotherapy." Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology 78, no. 5 (Nov 1994): 577-82.

Korcok, M. "Taste loss persists after head/neck irradiation." Journal of the American Medical Association 247, no. 4 (22 Jan 1982): 422.

Liu, R.P., et al. "Salivary flow rates in patients with head and neck cancer 0.5 to 25 years after radiotherapy." Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology 70, no. 6 (Dec 1990): 724-9.

Maguire, A., and R.R. Welbury. "Long-term effects of antineoplastic chemotherapy and radiotherapy on dental development." Dental Update 23, no. 5 (Jun 1996): 188-94.

Rosenberg, S.W. "Oral complications of cancer therapies: Chronic dental complications." National Cancer Institute Monograph 9 (1990): 173-8.

Sonis, A.L., et al. "Dentofacial development in long-term survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. A comparison of three treatment modalities." Cancer 66, no. 12 (15 Dec 1990): 2645-52.

Heart and Blood Vessels

Constine, L.S., et al. "Cardiac function, perfusion, and morbidity in irradiated long-term survivors of Hodgkin's disease." International Journal of Radiation Oncology and Biological Physics 39, no. 4 (1 Nov 1997): 897-906.

Glanzmann, C., et al. "Cardiac risk after mediastinal irradiation for Hodgkin's disease." Radiotherapy and Oncology 46, no. 1 (Jan 1998): 51-62.

Eames, G.M., et al. "Cardiovascular function in children following bone marrow transplant: a cross-sectional study." Bone Marrow Transplantation 19, no. 1 (Jan 1997): 61-6.

Grenier, M.A., and S.E. Lipshultz. "Epidemiology of anthracycline cardiotoxicity in children and adults." Seminal Oncology 4, no. 10 Supplement (25 Aug 1998): 72-85.

Gustavsson, A., et al. "Late cardiac effects after mantle radiotherapy in patients with Hodgkin's disease." Annals of Oncology 1, no. 5 (Sept 1990): 355-63.

Hancock, S.L., et al. "Cardiac Disease following treatment of Hodgkin's disease in children and adolescents." Journal of Clinical Oncology 11 (1993): 1208-15.

Hancock, S.L., et al. "Factors affecting the late mortality from heart disease after treatment of Hodgkin's disease." Journal of the American Medical Association 270 (1993): 1949-55.

Jakacki, R.I., et al. "Cardiac dysfunction following spinal irradiation during childhood." Journal of Clinical Oncology 11, no. 6 (1993): 1033-8.

Johnson, G.L., et al. "Late echocardiographic findings following childhood chemotherapy with normal serial cardiac monitoring." Journal of Pediatrics Hematology/Oncology 18, no. 1 (Feb 1996): 72-5.

Kleikamp, G., U. Schnepper, and R. Korfer. "Coronary artery and aortic valve disease as a long-term sequel of mediastinal and thoracic irradiation." Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon 45, no. 1 (Feb 1997): 27-31.

Krischer, J.P., et al. "Clinical cardiotoxicity following anthracycline treatment for childhood cancer: the Pediatric Oncology Group experience." Journal of Clinical Oncology 15, no. 4 (Apr 1997): 1544-52.

Lipshultz, S.E., et al. "Female sex and drug dose as risk factors for late cardiotoxic effects of doxorubicin therapy for childhood cancer." New England Journal of Medicine 332, no. 26 (29 June 1995): 1738-43.

Lipshultz, S.E. "Monitoring for anthracycline cardiotoxicity." Pediatrics 93 (1994): 433-7.

Lund, M.B., et al. "Increased risk of heart valve regurgitation after mediastinal radiation for Hodgkin's disease: an echocardiographic study." Heart 75 (1996): 591-5.

Nysom, K., et al. "Relationship between cumulative anthracycline dose and late cardiotoxicity in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia." Journal of Clinical Oncology 16, no. 2 (Feb 1998): 545-50.

Pinkala, J., et al. "Myocardial function in children and adolescents after therapy with anthracyclines and chest irradiation." European Journal of Cancer 32A (1996): 97-103.

Reinders, J.G., et al. "Ischemic heart disease after mantle field irradiation for Hodgkin's disease in long-term follow-up." Radiotherapy and Oncology 51, no. 1 (Apr 1999): 35-42.

Sorensen, K., et al. "Cardiac function in Wilms' tumor survivors." Journal of Clinical Oncology 13, no. 7 (Jul 1995): 1546-56.

Steinherz, et al. "Cardiac failure and dysrhythmias 6-19 years after anthracycline therapy: a series of 15 patients." Medical Pediatric Oncology 24, no. 6 (Jun 1995): 352-61.

Steinherz, L.J. et al. "Guidelines of cardiac monitoring of children during and after anthracycline therapy: report of the Cardiology Committee of the Children's Cancer Study Group." Pediatrics 89 (1992): 942-9.

Lungs

Aronin, P.A., et al. "Prediction of BCNU pulmonary toxicity in patients with malignant gliomas: an assessment of risk factors." New England Journal of Medicine 303, no. 4 (24 Jul 1980): 183-8.

Eigen, H., and D. Wyszomierski. "Bleomycin lung injury in children. Pathophysiology and guidelines for management." American Journal of Hematology and Oncology 7, no. 1 (Spring, 1985): 71-8.

Fryer, C.J., et al. "Efficacy and toxicity of 12 courses of ABVD chemotherapy followed by low-dose regional radiation in advanced Hodgkin's disease in children: a report from the Children's Cancer Study Group." Journal of Clinical Oncology 8, no. 12 (Dec 1990): 1971-80.

Goldiner, P.L., and O. Schweizer. "The hazards of anesthesia and surgery in bleomycin-treated patients." Seminars in Oncology 6, no. 1 (Mar 1979): 121-4.

Hirsch, A., et al. "Effect of ABVD chemotherapy with and without mantle or mediastinal irradiation on pulmonary function and symptoms in early-stage Hodgkin's disease." Journal of Clinical Oncology 14, no. 4 (Apr 1996): 1297-305.

Horning, S.J., et al. "Effect of treatment for Hodgkin's disease on pulmonary function: results of a prospective study." Journal of Clinical Oncology 12, no. 2 (Feb 1994): 297-305.

Hulbert, J.C., J.E. Grossman, and K.B. Cummings. "Risk factors of anesthesia and surgery in bleomycin-treated patients." Journal of Urology 130, no. 1 (Jul 1983): 163-4.

Jenney, M.E., et al. "Lung function and exercise capacity in survivors of childhood leukemia." Medical Pediatric Oncology 24, no. 4 (Apr 1995): 222-30.

Kaplan, E., et al. "Pulmonary function in children treated for rhabdomyosarcoma." Medical Pediatric Oncology 27, no. 2 (Aug 1996): 79-84.

Lund, M.B., et al. "Lung function impairment in long-term survivors of Hodgkin's disease." Annals of Oncology 6, no. 5 (May 1995): 495-501.

Miller, R.W., et al. "Pulmonary function abnormalities in long-term survivors of childhood cancer." Medical Pediatric Oncology 14, no. 4 (1986): 202-7.

Nysom, K., et al. "Pulmonary function after treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia in childhood." British Journal of Cancer 78, no. 1 (Jul 1998): 21-7.

O'Driscoll, B.R., et al. "Active lung fibrosis up to 17 years after chemotherapy with carmustine (BCNU) in childhood." New England Journal of Medicine 323, no. 6 (9 Aug 1990): 378-82.

O'Driscoll, B.R., et al. "Late carmustine lung fibrosis. Age at treatment may influence severity and survival." Chest 107, no. 5 (May 1995): 1355-7.

O'Driscoll, B.R. "Nebulisers for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease." Thorax 52, Supplement 2 (Apr 1997): S49-52.

Salloum, E., et al. "Assessment of cardiac and pulmonary function in adult patients with Hodgkin's disease treated with ABVD or MOPP/ABVD plus adjuvant low-dose mediastinal irradiation." Cancer Investigation 17, no. 3 (1999): 171-80.

Shaw, N.J., P.M. Tweeddale, and O.B. Eden. "Pulmonary function in childhood leukaemia survivors." Medical Pediatric Oncology 17, no. 2 (1989): 149-54.

van Leeuwen, et al. "Roles of radiotherapy and smoking in lung cancer following Hodgkin's disease." Journal of the National Cancer Institute 87 (1995).

Waid-Jones, M.I., and D.B. Coursin. "Perioperative considerations for patients treated with bleomycin." Chest 99, no. 4 (Apr 1991): 993-9.

Wara, W.M., et al. "Radiation pneumonitis: A new approach to the derivation of time-dose factors." Cancer 32(1973): 547-52.

Kidneys, Bladder, and Genitals

Berns, J.S., and P.A. Ford. "Renal toxicities of antineoplastic drugs and bone marrow transplantation." Seminars in Nephrology 17, no. 1 (Jan 1997): 54-66.

Blatt, J. "Pregnancy outcome in long-term survivors of childhood cancer." Medical Pediatric Oncology 33, no. 1 (Jul 1999): 29-33.

Brock, P.R., et al. "Partial reversibility of cisplatin nephrotoxicity in children." Journal of Pediatrics 118, no. 4 pt. 1 (Apr 1991): 531-4.

Byrne, J., et al. "Reproductive problems and birth defects in survivors of Wilms' tumor and their relatives." Medical Pediatric Oncology 16, no. 4 (1988): 233-40.

Chao, N., et al. "Retroperitoneal fibrosis following treatment for Hodgkin's disease." Journal of Clinical Oncology 5, no. 2 (Feb 1987): 231-2.

Danforth, D.N. Jr., and N. Javadpour. "Total unilateral renal destruction caused by irradiation for Hodgkin's disease." Urology 5, no. 6 (Jun 1975): 790-3.

Dhaliwal, R.S., et al. "Radiation nephritis with hypertension and hyperreninemia following chemotherapy: cure by nephrectomy." Journal of Pediatrics 96, no. 1 (Jan 1980): 68-70.

Duffy, P., et al. "Hydrocele following treatment for Hodgkin's disease." Cancer (1982): 728.

Finklestein, J.Z., et al. "Diastolic hypertension in Wilms' tumor survivors: a late effect of treatment? A report from the National Wilms' Tumor Study Group." American Journal of Clinical Oncology 16, no. 3 (Jun 1993): 201-5.

Hays, D.M. "Bladder/prostate rhabdomyosarcoma: results of the multi-institutional trials of the Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study." Seminars in Surgical Oncology 9, no. 6 (Nov-Dec 1993): 520-3.

Hays, D.M., et al. "Children with vesicle rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) treated by partial cystectomy with neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy, with or without radiotherapy." Journal of Pediatrics Hematology/Oncology 17, no. 1 (Feb 1995): 46-52. A report from the Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study (IRS) Committee. Published erratum appears in Journal of Pediatrics Hematology/Oncology 17, no. 4 (Nov 1995): 356.

Heyn, R., et al. "Late effects of therapy in patients with paratesticular rhabdomyosarcoma. Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study Committee." Journal of Clinical Oncology 10, no. 4 (Apr 1992): 614-23.

Kantor, A.F., et al. "Hypertension in long-term survivors of childhood renal cancers." Journal of Clinical Oncology 7, no. 7 (Jul 1989): 912-5.

Lawrence, H.J., J. Simone, R.J. Aur. "Cyclophosphamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis in children with leukemia." Cancer 36, no. 5 (Nov 1975): 1572-6.

Li, F.P., et al. "Outcome of pregnancy is survivors of Wilms' tumor." Journal of the American Medical Association 257, no. 2 (9 Jan 1987): 216-9.

Lonnerholm, G., et al. "Renal function after autologous bone marrow transplantation." Bone Marrow Transplantation 8, no. 2 (Aug 1991): 129-34.

Moulder, J.E., and B.L. Fish. "Influence of nephrotoxic drugs on the late renal toxicity associated with bone marrow transplant conditioning regimens." International Journal of Radiation Oncology and Biological Physics 20, no. 2 (Feb 1991): 333-7.

Nicholson, H.S., et al. "Uterine anomalies in Wilms' tumor survivors." Cancer 78, no. 4 (15 Aug 1996): 887-91.

Salvi, S., et al. "Renal artery stenosis and hypertension after abdominal irradiation for Hodgkin disease. Successful treatment with nephrectomy." Urology 21, no. 6 (Jun 1983): 611-5.

Skinner, R., et al. "Risk factors for ifosfamide nephrotoxicity in children." Lancet 348, no. 9027 (31 Aug 1996): 578-80.

Sutton, R.A.L., et al. "Chronic hypomagnesemia caused by cisplatin: effect of calcitriol." Journal of Laboratory Clinical Medicine (1991): 40.

Vogelzang, N.J. "Nephrotoxicity from chemotherapy: prevention and management." Oncology (Huntingt) 5, no. 10 (Oct 1991): 97-102, 105; disc. 105, 109-11.

von der Weid, N.X., et al. "Cisplatin therapy in childhood: renal follow-up 3 years or more after treatment." Swiss Pediatric Oncology Group. Nephrology, Dialysis, and Transplantation 14, no. 6 (Jun 1999): 1441-4.

Walker, R.D. "Cyclophosphamide induced hemorrhagic cystitis." Journal of Urology 161, no. 6 (Jun 1999): 1747.

Womer, R.B., et al. "Renal toxicity of cisplatin in children." Journal of Pediatrics 106, no. 4 (Apr 1985): 659-63.

Liver, Stomach, and Intestines

Alter, M.J., et al. "The prevalence of Hepatitis C virus infection in the United States, 1988 through 1994." The New England Journal of Medicine 341 (1999): 556-62.

Birdwell, S.H., et al. "Gastrointestinal cancer after treatment of Hodgkin's disease." International Journal of Radiation Oncology and Biological Physics 37, no. 1 (1 Jan 1997): 67-73.

Cosset, J.M., et al. "Late radiation injuries of the gastrointestinal tract in the H2 and H5 EORTC Hodgkin's disease trials: emphasis on the role of exploratory laparotomy and fractionation." Radiotherapy and Oncology 13, no. 1 (Sept 1988): 61-8.

Donaldson, S.S., et al. "Radiation enteritis in children. A retrospective review, clinicopathologic correlation, and dietary management." Cancer 35, no. 4 (Apr 1975): 1167-78.

Farrell, G.C. "Drug-induced hepatic injury." Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 12, no. 9-10 (Oct 1997): S242-50.

Gallez-Marchal, D., et al. "Radiation injuries of the gastrointestinal tract in Hodgkin's disease: the role of exploratory laparotomy and fractionation. A study of 19 cases observed in a series of 134 patients treated at the Institute Gustave Roussy from 1972 to 1982." Radiotherapy and Oncology 2, no. 2 (Aug 1984): 93-9.

Jockovich, M., et al. "Long-term complications of laparotomy in Hodgkin's disease." Annals of Surgery 219, no. 6 (Jun 1994): 615-21; discussion 621-4.

Nesbit, M., et al. "Acute and chronic effects of methotrexate on hepatic, pulmonary, and skeletal systems." Cancer 37, no. 2 Supplement (Feb 1976): 1048-57.

O'Brien, P.H., et al. "Radiation enteritis." American Surgeon 53, no. 9 (Sept 1987): 501-4.

Olver, I.N., et al. "Small bowel obstruction as a late complication of the treatment of Hodgkin's disease." Australian and New Zealand Journal of Surgery 60, no. 8 (Aug 1990): 585-8.

Parisi, M.T., et al. "Complications of cancer therapy in children: a radiologist's guide." Radiographics 19, no. 2 (Mar-Apr 1999): 283-97.

Rao, S.P., et al. "Intestinal perforation 14 years after abdominal irradiation and chemotherapy for Wilms tumor." Journal of Pediatrics Hematology/Oncology 18, no. 2 (May 1996): 187-90.

Sher, M.E. and J. Bauer. "Radiation-induced enteropathy." American Journal of Gastroenterology 85, no. 2 (Feb 1990): 121-8.

Strasser, S.I., et al. "Cirrhosis of the liver in long-term marrow transplant survivors." Blood 93, no. 10 (15 May 1999): 3259-66.

Strasser, S.I., et al. "Hepatitis C virus infection and bone marrow transplantation: a cohort study with 10-year follow-up." Hepatology 29, no. 6 (Jun 1999): 1893-9.

Tefft, M. "Radiation related toxicity in National Wilms Tumor Study Number One." International Journal of Radiation Oncology and Biological Physics 2 (1977): 455-463.

Zimmerman, H.J., and K.G. Ishak. "General aspects of drug-induced liver disease." Gastroenterology Clinics of North America 24, no. 4 (Dec 1995): 739-57.

Immune System

Dailey, M.O., C.N. Coleman, and H.S. Kaplan. "Radiation-induced splenic atrophy in patients with Hodgkin's disease and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas." New England Journal of Medicine 302, no. 4 (24 Jan 1980): 215-7.

Foss, Abrahamsen A., et al. "Systemic pneumococcal disease after staging splenectomy for Hodgkin's disease 1969-1980 without pneumococcal vaccine protection: a follow-up study 1994." European Journal of Haematology 58, no. 2 (Feb 1997): 73-7.

Green, D.M., et al. "The incidence of post-splenectomy sepsis and herpes zoster in children and adolescents with Hodgkin disease." Medical Pediatric Oncology 7, no. 3 (1979): 285-97.

Haas, G.S., et al. "Differential recovery of circulating T-cell subsets after nodal irradiation for Hodgkin's disease." Journal of Immunology 132, no. 2 (Feb 1984): 1026-30.

Haas, G.S., et al. "The long term effects of radiation of T and B lymphocytes in the peripheral blood after regional irradiation." Cancer 40, no. 5 (Nov 1977): 2071-8.

Hays, D.M., et al. "Complications related to 234 staging laparotomies performed in the Intergroup Hodgkin's Disease in Childhood study." Surgery 96, no. 3 (Sept 1984): 471-8.

Hays, D.M., et al. "Postsplenectomy Sepsis and other complications following staging laparotomy for Hodgkin's disease in childhood." Journal of Pediatrics Surgery 21, no. 7 (Jul 1986): 628-32.

Jockovich, M., et al. "Long-term complications of laparotomy in Hodgkin's disease." Annals of Surgery 219, no. 6 (Jun 1994): 615-21; discussion 621-4.

Krusmann, W., et al. "Alterations of IgE immunoglobulin concentration in the serum after megavoltage radiotherapy with large-field technique in patients with Hodgkin's disease." Strahlentherapic and Onkologic 166, no. 4 (Apr 1990): 265-70.

Notter, D.T., et al. "Infections in patients with Hodgkin's disease: a clinical study of 300 consecutive adult patients." Reviews of Infectious Diseases 2, no. 5 (Sept-Oct 1980): 761-800.

Romagnani, S., et al. "Short- and long-term effects of radiation on T-cell subsets in peripheral blood of patients with Hodgkin's disease." Cancer 46, no. 12 (15 Dec 1980): 2590-5.

Rubin, P., et al. "Bone marrow regeneration and extension after extended field irradiation in Hodgkin's disease." Cancer 32, no. 3 (Sept 1973): 699-711.

Shepp, D.H., P.S. Dandliker, and J.D. Meyers. "Current therapy of varicella zoster virus infection in immunocompromised patients. A comparison of acyclovir and vidarabine." American Journal of Medicine 85, 2A (29 Aug 1988): 96-8.

Sullivan, K.M., et al. "Chronic graft versus host disease and other late complications of bone marrow transplantation." Seminars in Hematology 28 (1991): 250-9.

van Rijswijk, R.E., J.P. Sybesma, and L. Kater. "A prospective study of the changes in immune status following radiotherapy for Hodgkin's disease." Cancer 53, no. 1 (1 Jan 1984): 62-9.

Vogel, J.M., et al. "Effect of extensive radiotherapy on the marrow granulocyte reserves of patients with Hodgkin's disease." Cancer 21, no. 5 (May 1968): 798-804.

Wingard, J.R. "Advances in management of infectious complications after bone marrow transplant." Bone Marrow Transplantation 6, no. 6 (Dec 1990): 371-83.

Wingard, J.R. "Infections in allogeneic bone marrow transplant recipients." Seminars in Oncology 20, no. 5 Supplement 6 (Oct 1993): 80-7.

Bones and Muscles

Aisenberg, J., et al. "Bone mineral density in young adult survivors of childhood cancer." Journal of Pediatrics Hematology/Oncology 20, no. 3 (May-Jun 1998): 241-5.

Arikoski, P., et al. "Reduced bone mineral density in long-term survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia." Journal of Pediatrics Hematology/Oncology 20, no. 3 (May 1998): 234-240.

Barr, R.D., et al. "Ostopenia in children surviving brain tumors." European Journal of Cancer 34, no. 6 (May 1998): 873-7.

Birkebaek, N.H., and N. Clausen. "Height and weight pattern up to 20 years after treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia." Archives of Disease in Childhood 79, no. 2 (Aug 1998): 161-4.

Didi, M., et al. "High incidence of obesity in young adults after treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in childhood." Journal of Pediatrics 127(1995): 63-7.

Fletcher, B.D. "Effects of pediatric cancer therapy the musculoskeletal system." Pediatric Radiology 27, no. 8 (Aug 1997): 623-36.

Gilsanz, V., et al. "Osteoporosis after cranial irradiation for acute lymphoblastic leukemia." Journal of Pediatrics 117, no. 2 pt. 1 (Aug 1990): 238-44.

Lustig, R.H., et al. "Hypothalamic obesity caused by cranial insult in children: altered glucose and insulin dynamics and reversal by a somatostatin agonist." Journal of Pediatrics 135, no. 2 pt. 1 (Aug 1999): 162-8.

Halton, J.M., et al. "Altered mineral metabolism and bone mass in children during treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia." Journal of Bone Mineral Research 11, no. 11 (Nov 1996): 1774-83.

Hanif, I., H. Mahmoud, and C.H. Pui. "Avascular femoral head necrosis in pediatric cancer patients." Medical Pediatric Oncology 21, no. 9 (1993): 655-60.

Henderson, R.C., C.D. Madsen, C. Davis, and S.H. Gold. "Bone density in survivors of childhood malignancies." Journal of Pediatrics Hematology/Oncology 18, no. 4 (Nov 1996): 367-71.

Henderson, R.C., et al. "Longitudinal evaluation of bone mineral density in children receiving chemotherapy." Journal of Pediatrics Hematology/Oncology 20, no. 4 (Jul-Aug 1998): 322-6.

Hesseling, P.B., et al. "Bone mineral density in long-term survivors of childhood cancer." International Journal of Cancer 11 Supplement (1998): 44-7.

Hoorweg-Nijman, J.J., et al. "Bone mineral density and markers of bone turnover in young adult survivors of childhood lymphoblastic leukaemia." Clinical Endocrinology (Oxford) 50, no. 2 (Feb 1999): 237-44.

Muller, H.L., M. Klinkhammer-Schalke, and J. Kuhl. "Final height and weight of long-term survivors of childhood malignancies." Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology and Diabetes 106, no. 2 (1998): 135-9.

Nysom, K., et al. "Bone mass after treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia in childhood." Journal of Clinical Oncology 16, no. 12 (Dec 1998): 3752-60.

Odame, I., et al. "Patterns of obesity in boys and girls after treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia." Archives of Disease in Childhood 71 (1994): 147-9.

Roebuck, D.J. "Skeletal complications in pediatric oncology patients." Radiographics 19, no. 4 (Jul-Aug 1999): 873-85.

Schell, M.J., et al. "A method of predicting adult height and obesity in long-term survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia." Journal of Clinical Oncology 10, no. 1 (Jan 1992): 128-33.

Schwartz, A.M., and J.C. Leonidas. "Methotrexate osteopathy." Skeletal Radiology 11, no. 1 (1984): 13-6.

Talvensaari, K., and M. Knip. "Childhood cancer and later development of the metabolic syndrome." Annals of Medicine 29, no. 5 (Oct 1997): 353-5.

Talvensaari, K., et al. "Clinical characteristics and factors affecting growth in long-term survivors of cancer." Medical Pediatric Oncology 26, no. 3 (Mar 1996): 166-72.

Van Dongen-Melman, J.E., et al. "Obesity after successful treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in childhood." Pediatric Research 38 (1995): 86-90.

Zee, P., and C.H. Chen. "Prevalence of obesity in children after therapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia." American Journal of Hematology and Oncology 8, no. 4 (1986): 294-9.

Skin, Breasts, and Hair

Allison, J.R. Jr. "Radiation-induced basal-cell carcinoma." Journal of Dermatologic Surgery and Oncology 10, no. 3 (Mar 1984): 200-3.

Avram, M.R. "Hair transplantation in women." Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery 18, no. 2 (Jun 1999): 172-6.

Bataille, V., et al. "Risk of cutaneous melanoma in relation to the numbers, types and sites of naevi: a case-control study." British Journal of Cancer 73, no. 12 (Jun 1996): 1605-11.

Borecky, D.J., et al. "Idarubicin-induced pigmentary changes of the nails." Cutis 59, no. 4 (Apr 1997): 203-4.

Burt, K. "The effects of cancer on body image and sexuality." Nursing Times 91, no. 7 (15-22 Feb 1995): 36-7.

Dinehart, S.M., J.L. Anthony, and S.V. Pollack. "Basal cell carcinoma in young patients after irradiation for childhood malignancy." Medical Pediatric Oncology 19, no. 6 (1991): 508-10.

Furst, C.J., et al. "Breast hypoplasia following irradiation of the female breast in infancy and early childhood." Acta Oncology 28, no. 4 (1989): 519-23.

Green, A., et al. "Melanocytic naevi and melanoma in survivors of childhood cancer." British Journal of Cancer 67, no. 5 (May 1993): 1053-7.

Halsner, U.E., and M.W. Lucas. "New aspects in hair transplantation for females." Dermatologic Surgery 21, no. 7 (Jul 1995): 605-10.

Higgins, S., and B.G. Haffty. "Pregnancy and lactation after breast-conserving therapy for early stage breast cancer." Cancer 73, no. 8 (15 Apr 1994): 2175-80.

Hughes, B.R., W.J. Cunliffe, and C.C. Bailey. "Excess benign melanocytic naevi after chemotherapy for malignancy in childhood." British Medical Journal 299, no. 6691 (8 Jul 1989): 88-91.

Jacobs, J.B., and C. Monell. "Treatment of radiation-induced alopecia." Head and Neck Surgery 2, no. 2 (Nov-Dec 1979): 154-9.

Morris, D., et al. "Horizontal pigmented banding of the nails in association with adriamycin chemotherapy." Cancer Treatment Reports 61, no. 3 (May-Jun 1977): 499-501.

Naldi, L., et al. "Number and distribution of melanocytic nevi in individuals with a history of childhood leukemia." Cancer 77, no. 7 (1 Apr 1996): 1402-8.

Nixon, D.W. "Alterations in nail pigment with cancer chemotherapy." Archives of Internal Medicine 136, no. 10 (Oct 1976): 1117-8.

Novotny, M.P. "Body image changes in amputee children: how nursing theory can make the difference." Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nursing 3, no. 2 (1986): 8-13.

Pendley, J.S., L.M. Dahlquist, and Z. Dreyer. "Body image and psychosocial adjustment in adolescent cancer survivors." Journal of Pediatric Psychology 22, no. 1 (Feb 1997): 29-43.

Platzer, H. "Body image (Part 2). Helping patients to cope with changes-a problem for nurses." Intensive Care Nursing 3, no. 3 (1987): 125-32.

Rosenfield, N.S., J.O. Haller, and W.E. Berdon. "Failure of development of the growing breast after radiation therapy." Pediatric Radiology 19, no. 2 (1989): 124-7.

Slanina, J., et al. "Long-term side effects in irradiated patients with Hodgkin's disease." International Journal of Radiation Oncology and Biological Physics 2, no. 1-2 (Jan-Feb 1977): 1-19.

Wilbur, J. "Sexual development and body image in the teenager with cancer." Frontiers of Radiation Therapy and Oncology 14 (1979): 108-14.

Varsos, G., and J. Yahalom. "Lactation following conservation surgery and radiotherapy for breast cancer." Journal of Surgical Oncology 46, no. 2 (Feb 1991): 141-4.

Second Cancers

Bhatia, S., et al. "Breast cancer and other second neoplasms after childhood Hodgkin's Disease." New England Journal of Medicine 334 (21 March 1996): 745-51.

Bhatia, S., et al. "Malignant neoplasms following bone marrow transplantation." Blood 87, no. 9 (1 May 1996): 3633-9.

Black, P., et al. "Secondary thyroid carcinoma after treatment for childhood cancer." Medical Pediatric Oncology 31, no. 2 (Aug 1998): 91-5.

Breslow, N.E., et al. "Second malignant neoplasms following treatment for Wilms' tumor: a report from the National Wilms' Tumor Study Group." Journal of Clinical Oncology 13, no. 8 (1995): 1851-9.

Curtis, R.E., et al. "Solid cancers after bone marrow transplantation." New England Journal of Medicine 336, no. 13 (27 Mar 1997): 897-904.

Deeg, H.J., and Gerard Socie. "Malignancies after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: Many questions, some answers." Blood (15 Mar 1998).

DeVathaire, F. "Role of radiotherapy and chemotherapy in the risk of second malignant neoplasms after cancer in childhood." British Journal of Cancer 59, no. 5 (May 1989): 792-6.

Desjardins, L., et al. "Second non-ocular tumours in survivors of bilateral retinoblastoma. A 30-year follow-up." Ophthalmic Paediatric Genetics 12, no. 3 (Sept 1991): 145-8.

Fontanesi, J., et al. "Second malignant neoplasms in children with retinoblastoma: the St. Jude Children's Research Hospital experience." Ophthalmic Genetics 16, no. 3 (Sept 1995): 105-8.

Giles, F.J., and H.P. Koeffler. "Secondary myelodysplastic syndromes and leukemias." Current Opinions Hematology 1, no. 4 (Jul 1994): 256-60.

Goss, P.E., and S. Sierra. "Current perspectives on radiation-induced breast cancer." Journal of Clinical Oncology 16(1998): 338-47.

Green, D.M., et al. "Cancer and cardiac mortality among 15-year survivors of cancer diagnosed during childhood or adolescence." Journal of Clinical Oncology 17, no. 10 (Oct 1999): 3207-15.

Hudson, M.M., et al. "Increased mortality after successful treatment for Hodgkin's disease." Journal of Clinical Oncology 16, no. 11 (Nov 1998): 3592-600.

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