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Using Samba

Using Samba

Robert Eckstein, David Collier-Brown, Peter Kelly
1st Edition November 1999
1-56592-449-5, Order Number: 4495
416 pages, $34.95

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Appendix F. Sample Configuration File

This appendix gives an example of a production smb.conf file and looks at how many of the options are used in practice. The following is a slightly disguised version of one we used at a corporation with five Linux servers, five Windows for Workgroups clients and three NT Workstation clients:

# smb.conf -- File Server System for: 1 Example.COM  BSC & Management Office 
	workgroup = 1EG_BSC
	interfaces = 

We provide this service on only one of the machine's interfaces. The interfaces option sets its address and netmask, where /24 is the same as using the netmask

	comment = Samba ver. %v
	preexec = csh -c `echo /usr/samba/bin/smbclient \
                     -M %m -I %I` &

We use the preexec command to log information about all connections by machine name ( %m) and IP address ( %I):

	# smbstatus will output various info on current status
	status = yes
	browseable = yes
	printing = bsd

	# the username that will be used for access to services
	# specified with 'guest = ok'
	guest account = samba 

The default guest account was nobody, uid -1, which produced log messages on one of our machines saying "your server is being unfriendly," so we created a specific Samba guest account for browsing and printing:

	# superuser account - admin privilages to shares, with no
	# restrictions
	# WARNING - use this with care: files can be modified,
	# regardless of file permissions
	admin users = root

	# who is NOT allowed to connect to ANY service
	invalid users = @wheel, mail, deamon, adt

Daemons can't use Samba, only people. The invalid users option closes a security hole; it prevents intruders from breaking in by pretending to be a daemon process.

	# hosts that are ALLOWED or DENIED from connecting to ANY service
	hosts allow = 10.10.1.
	hosts deny =
	# where the lock files will be located
	lock directory = /var/lock/samba/locks
	# debug log files 
	# %m = separate log for each NetBIOS name (each machine)
	log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m

	# We send priority 0, 1 and 2 messages to the system logs
	syslog = 2
	# If a WinPopup message is sent to the server,
	# redirect it to a user via e-mail
	message command = /bin/mail -s 'message from #% on %m' \
						 pkelly < %s; rm %s

# ---------------------------------------------------
# [globals] Performance Tuning
# ---------------------------------------------------
	# caching algorithm to reduce time doing getwd() calls.  
	getwd cache = yes

	socket options = TCP_NODELAY

	# tell the server whether the client is present and
	# responding in seconds
	keep alive = 60

	# num minutes of inactivity before a connection is
	# considered dead
	dead time = 30 

	read prediction = yes
	share modes = yes
	max xmit = 17384 
	read size = 512

The share modes, max, xinit, and read size options are machine-specific (see Appendix B, Samba Performance Tuning):

	# locking is done by the server
	locking = yes

	# control whether dos style attributes should be mapped
	# to unix execute bits
	map hidden = yes
	map archive = yes
	map system = yes

The three map options will work only on shares with a create mode that includes the execute bits (0111). Our homes and printers shares won't honor them, but the [ www] share will:

# ---------------------------------------------------------
# [globals] Security and Domain Logon Services
# ---------------------------------------------------------	
# connections are made with UID and GID, not as shares
	security = user

# boolean variable that controls whether passwords
# will be encrypted
	encrypt passwords = yes
	passwd chat = "*New password:*" %n\r "*New password (again):*" %n\r \ "*Password changed*"
	passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
# Always become the local master browser
	domain master = yes
	preferred master = yes
	os level = 34
# For domain logons to work correctly. Samba acts as a
# primary domain controller.
	domain logons = yes
# Logon script to run for user off the server each time
# username (%U) logs in.  Set the time, connect to shares,
# virus checks, etc.
	logon script = scripts\%U.bat

	comment = "Domain Logon Services"
	path = /u/netlogon
	writable = yes
	create mode = 444
	guest ok = no
	volume = "Network"

This share, discussed in Chapter 6, Users, Security, and Domains , is required for Samba to work smoothly in a Windows NT domain:

# -----------------------------------------------------------
# [homes] User Home Directories
# -----------------------------------------------------------
	comment = "Home Directory for : %u "
	path = /u/users/%u

The password file of the Samba server specifies each person's home directory as /home/ machine_name / person, which NFS converts to point to the actual physicl location under /u/users. The path option in the [homes] share tells Samba the actual (non-NFS) location:

	guest ok = no
	read only = no
	create mode = 644
	writable = yes
	browseable = no 

# -----------------------------------------------------------
# [printers] System Printers
# -----------------------------------------------------------
	comment = "Printers"
	path = /var/spool/lpd/samba
	printcap name = /etc/printcap
	printable = yes
	public = no 
	writable = no

	lpq command = /usr/bin/lpq -P%p
	lprm command = /usr/bin/lprm -P%p %j
	lppause command = /usr/sbin/lpc stop %p
	lpresume command = /usr/sbin/lpc start %p

	create mode = 0700

	browseable = no 
	load printers = yes  

# -----------------------------------------------------------
# Specific Descriptions: [programs] [data] [retail]
# -----------------------------------------------------------
	comment = "Shared Programs %T"
	volume = "programs"

Shared Programs shows up in the Network Neighborhood, and programs is the volume name you specify when an installation program wants to know the label of the CD-ROM from which it thinks it's loading:

	path = /u/programs
	public = yes
	writeable = yes
	printable = no
	create mode = 664
	comment = "Unix CDROM"
	path = /u/cdrom
	public = no 
	writeable = no 
	printable = no
	volume = "cdrom"

	comment =  "Data Directories %T"
	path = /u/data
	public = no
	create mode = 770
	writeable = yes
	volume = "data"

	comment =  "NT4 Server"
	path = /u/systems/nt4
	public = yes 
	create mode = 770
	writeable = yes
	volume = "nt4_server"

	comment =  "WWW System"
	path = /usr/www/http
	public = yes 
	create mode = 775
	writeable = yes
	volume = "www_system"

The [www] share is the directory used on the Unix server to serve web pages. Samba makes the directory available to local PC users so the art department can update web pages.

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