THE WORD ‘PETROLEUM’ means ‘rock-oil.’ Pools of rock oil seep to the surface in various parts of the world. Where people drilled wells near salt springs to extract brine, from which salt could be produced by evaporation, as they did along the banks of the Ohio River in northeastern America, the oil was seen as a nuisance, polluting the brine.
A salt well owner called Samuel Keir experimented with various distillations of the oil, producing a medicine and an ointment, but then discovered that he could also distil kerosene, a substance that had recently first been distilled from coal. Kerosene ...
With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training,
learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.