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101 Quick and Easy Ideas Taken from the Master Photographers of the Twentieth Century

Book Description

If you've ever found yourself looking at a photograph in a museum or gallery and thinking, "I can do that," this is the book for you. 101 QUICK AND EASY IDEAS TAKEN FROM THE MASTER PHOTOGRAPHERS OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY shows you how to recognize and use the techniques of some of the great photographers of the last century. Each chapter of the book focuses on one photographer, and includes a brief biography that highlights what life experiences influenced his or her work, as well as descriptions of one or several iconic images they photographed that include the key photographic elements that apply to that work - light, shadow, narrative, and symbolism. Along with the descriptions are recreations of the images that use similar subject matter and settings, as well as the steps to help you compose and manipulate your own version of the image. As you work through the book you'll find that the same concepts and themes were used by many of the photographers, but the meanings change as their work is shaped as the events, technology, and environment changed throughout the twentieth century. Arranged alphabetically, 101 QUICK AND EASY IDEAS TAKEN FROM THE MASTER PHOTOGRAPHERS OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, features photographers you'll easily recognize and some that are new to you, such as Ansel Adams, Dorothea Lang, Robert Mapplethorpe, Berenice Abbott, Heri Cartier-Bresson, and many more. By learning about and trying the common photography concepts and techniques used by famous photographers you'll enhance your photographic skill set and hopefully find inspiration and ideas for your own work.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
    1. Dedication
  2. Acknowledgments
  3. About the Author
  4. Introduction
    1. The Concept
    2. Introduction to the Masters
  5. 1. Berenice Abbott (1898–1991)
    1. Barbershop Photography
    2. Building Soup
    3. The Power of Negative Space
  6. 2. Ansel Adams (1902–1984)
    1. Photographing and Photoshopping Trees
    2. Redefining Sky
    3. Reflecting Freeway Light in Black and White
    4. Perspective Revised
  7. 3. Robert Adams (1937– )
    1. Black Smoke
    2. Smoggy Light
    3. Scrawling in Pristine Lands
  8. 4. Eugène Atget (1857–1927)
    1. Le Cirque Shadows
    2. Catch the Right Angle
  9. 5. Bill Brandt (1904–1983)
    1. The Wet Cobblestone Street
    2. Human Body Parts Close-Ups
  10. 6. Brassaï (1899–1984)
    1. Surrealist Graffiti
    2. Paris (or Any Big City) at Night
  11. 7. Harry Callahan (1912–1999)
    1. Vast Landscapes with Tiny People
    2. Minimalist Windows
  12. 8. Henri Cartier-Bresson (1908–2004)
    1. Moving Group of People
    2. Kids Playing a Game with Spectators
  13. 9. Imogen Cunningham (1883–1976)
    1. Details of Pattern and Form
    2. Zebra Skin
  14. 10. Robert Doisneau (1912–1994)
    1. Human Interaction with Surroundings
    2. Wait for Foreground Subjects
    3. Frame the Audience
  15. 11. William Eggleston (1939– )
    1. Find Muted Color Tones in a Landscape
    2. Photograph an Old Car with an Added Extra
    3. Photograph a Bright Color Indoors
    4. Find Beauty in Junky Surroundings
  16. 12. Walker Evans (1903–1975)
    1. Find Showbills on City Walls
    2. Frame the Façade of an Old Storefront
    3. Isolate Interesting Windows on a Building
  17. 13. Lee Friedlander (1934– )
    1. Frame Scenes That Other Photographers Avoid
    2. Use a Fence to Add Lines to Your Photo
  18. 14. John Gutmann (1905–1998)
    1. Shoot an Object with Writing Covering the Entire Surface
    2. Place a Person’s Back in the Foreground in a Two-Shot of a Couple Facing Each Other
    3. Shoot a Person Performing a Gymnastic Feat
  19. 15. Lewis Hine (1874–1940)
    1. Document Child Labor
  20. 16. André Kertész (1894–1985)
    1. Photograph Someone Reading
    2. Photograph Your Own Shadow
    3. Stage or Find a Still Life
  21. 17. William Klein (1928– )
    1. Frame Soda Ads or Signs
    2. Photograph Active Children
    3. Make Images Grainy
    4. Form a Relationship, However Brief, with Your Subjects
  22. 18. Dorothea Lange (1895–1965)
    1. Photograph Signs of Poverty
    2. Shoot Inside of a Streetcar
    3. Photograph a Café or a Restaurant Counter
  23. 19. Clarence John Laughlin (1905–1985)
    1. Frame a Spiral
    2. Make a Double Exposure
  24. 20. Helen Levitt (1913–2009)
    1. Photograph Children Playing
    2. Make a Near Match in Colors Duplicated in the Frame
    3. Find Animals in Configurations of Three
    4. Find Chalk Drawings on the Sidewalk or Building Walls
    5. Find a Window with a Subject Looking Out
  25. 21. Robert Mapplethorpe (1946–1989)
    1. Shoot the Heads of Statues as Profiles
    2. Make a Black Background for a Flower Image
    3. Frame a Subject Covering Her Face with Her Hands
  26. 22. Ralph Eugene Meatyard (1925–1972)
    1. Photograph Subjects Wearing Masks
    2. Make a Silhouette in Front of a Window
  27. 23. Lisette Model (1901–1983)
    1. Photograph a Pair of Elderly Women
    2. Frame Only the Bottom of People’s Legs
  28. 24. Tina Modotti (1896–1942)
    1. Photograph a Large Group Wearing Hats
    2. Photograph Multiple Telephone Wires
  29. 25. Arnold Newman (1918–2006)
    1. Frame Porches with People
    2. Include an Arrow in the Frame
    3. Emphasize Shapes in the Frame
    4. Frame Clothes Hanging to Dry
  30. 26. Marvin Newman (1927– )
    1. Take a Portrait of a Performer in Costume
    2. Catch a Passenger through a Bus or Train Window
    3. Photograph a Shadow Upside Down (or Rotate an Image with a Shadow in Photoshop)
  31. 27. Paul Outerbridge (1896–1958)
    1. Photograph a Gas Station
    2. Stage a Still Life
  32. 28. Gordon Parks (1912–2006)
    1. Frame a Musician Playing for Money
    2. Find Patterns in Religious Dress
  33. 29. Alexander Rodchenko (1891–1956)
    1. Use a Variety of Angles to Photograph Objects and Subjects
    2. Photograph Repeating Balconies
    3. Photograph Buildings from the Bottom Up
    4. Make a Photo Montage
  34. 30. W. Eugene Smith (1918–1978)
    1. Photograph Trails from a Moving Vehicle
  35. 31. Aaron Siskind (1903–1991)
    1. Place People in Motion on a White Background
    2. Find Abstract Art on Walls
    3. Find Abstract Art in Architecture
  36. 32. Frederick Sommer (1905–1999)
    1. Remains of Animals
    2. Frame a Landscape without a Horizon
  37. 33. Stephen Shore (1947– )
    1. Photograph an Old Car in an Old Neighborhood
    2. Take a Picture of a Parking Lot from Above
    3. Shoot a Landscape of a Road with Two-Thirds of the Frame Filled with Sky
  38. 34. Julius Shulman (1910–2009)
    1. Avoid Converging Lines in the Frame
    2. Choose Indoor/Outdoor Settings
  39. 35. Alfred Stieglitz (1864–1946)
    1. Find Dead or Dormant Branches in Front of a Cloud
    2. Rotate Cloud Photographs
    3. Zoom in Close When Photographing a Celebrity
    4. Photograph a Reflection of Subjects/Objects in a Body of Water
  40. 36. Paul Strand (1890–1976)
    1. Isolate Buildings from Exterior Elements
    2. Photograph a Toadstool
    3. Find Architectural Shadows That Border on the Abstract
    4. Make a Fence Your Primary Subject
  41. 37. Edward Weston (1886–1958)
    1. Photograph a Lake Scene from the Top of a Hill
    2. Frame Vegetation against the Sea
    3. Find Programmatic Architecture