723
29
Lighting Provides Choice
Lighting for reducing crime and improving security is a logical and natural evolution of the crime
prevention through environmental design (CPTED) principles of natural surveillance and good vis-
ibility. The goal of safe lighting design is to make our architectural, urban, and suburban proj-
ects as safe and secure in the nighttime as they are in the daytime hours of the day using proper
lightingdesign.
The role of lighting in crime prevention and security has been a close-knit relationship. There
have been some excellent books and documents published on lighting and security, most notably
by the Illumination Engineering Society of North America and the Guideline on Security Lighting
for People, Property, and Public Spaces (IESNA G-1-03, 2003) and The Outdoor Lighting Pattern
Book (1996). I have conducted lighting analysis on numerous properties, especially residential and
commercial properties. Most of the contemporary articles and publications on security lighting
take a deterministic view that lighting prevents or stops crime. It is my opinion and experience that
this is incorrect. Lighting is neutral regarding changing or preventing behavior (seeFigure29.1).
It is similar to CCTV. CCTV does not stop crime but can be effective if applied in the proper way
to altering how persons perceive their space. Lighting does not stop you from obtaining entry, as
CONTENTS
The Lighting Challenge .................................................................................................................725
Lighting Facts and Terminology .................................................................................................... 725
What Are the Appropriate Uses of Lighting? ................................................................................726
Lighting Choices (So Many Bulbs, So Little Time) ......................................................................730
Old School Lighting ....................................................................................................................... 731
Incandescent Lighting ............................................................................................................... 731
Fluorescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting ............................................................................. 732
Mercury Vapor ...........................................................................................................................734
Metal Halide .............................................................................................................................. 735
High-Pressure Sodium ..............................................................................................................736
Low-Pressure Sodium ............................................................................................................... 737
New School Lighting ..................................................................................................................... 739
Induction Lighting ..................................................................................................................... 739
LED Lighting ............................................................................................................................ 741
The Future of Lighting ................................................................................................................... 747
Lighting Controls ...................................................................................................................... 749
All Light Is Not Created Equal ................................................................................................. 751
Sustainability and Security Concerns ............................................................................................ 753
Case Study 1 .................................................................................................................................. 757
Case Study 2 .................................................................................................................................. 758
Case Study 3 .................................................................................................................................. 758
Case Study 4 .................................................................................................................................. 759
Stratosphere Casino Wins Big with High-Efciency Lighting ................................................. 759
Summary ........................................................................................................................................ 761
References ...................................................................................................................................... 761

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