9.2.3–9.2.7: You can use software utilities on network hosts as well as routers and switches to test and monitor connectivity. The following utilities allow you to troubleshoot network issues:
• ipconfig: This utility allows you to view the IP configuration on a host running Windows and compare the configuration to your router’s network configuration.
• ping: Both network devices and network hosts allow you to test Layer 3 connectivity and basic DNS functionality with ping.
• tracert or traceroute: This utility allows you to view each hop a packet encounters on the way to its destination. tracert is the command for a windows host, and traceroute is the command for the router CLI.
• netstat: You can view information ...