5.3.1: Static address assignment on a host guarantees that it will always have the same IP address on the network. Hosts that provide services such as servers and printers usually receive static IP addresses. However, large networks typically add and remove hosts for various purposes, so DHCP provides a manageable way to maintain the addressing scheme.
To verify the IP configuration on a host running a recent Microsoft Windows operating system, you can open a command prompt and use the following command:
5.4.1 and 5.4.2: The default gateway for a host is typically the IP address of the connected interface on the router for the network. Each host on the network can then use the router as the gateway to ...