45
14
TMS—A Process for
Role Clarification
PURPOSE:
1. To clarify the roles played in a team.
2. To clarify expectations held of other members and themselves.
3. To understand the process of role adjustment.
GROUP SIZE:
No more than 12 members of an intact team.
TIME:
2 hours
PHYSICAL
SETTING:
A private room with wall space for posting flipcharts.
MATERIALS:
1. Easel, flipcharts, markers, tape or push pins.
2. Copies of the TMS Questionnaire.
3. Paper and pens for each team member.
PROCESS:
1. The facilitator presents a lecture on the three elements of the TMS
Model: Task-Oriented Roles, Maintenance-Oriented Roles, and
Self-Oriented Roles.
2. The facilitator asks the members to complete the TMS
questionnaire on themselves only.
3. The facilitator asks the group for a volunteer.
4. The facilitator asks the members to complete a TMS
questionnaire on the volunteer.
5. The volunteer then tells team members what he or she thinks the
other members of the team have said about him or her.
6. The volunteer then questions the other team members and
records their actual response.
7. The facilitator leads a discussion of the responses.
8. The volunteer and team members engage in a discussion of the
results, guided by the facilitator.
50 Activities for Team Building
46
14
TMS—A Process for Role Clarification
(continued)
9. The facilitator conducts a renegotiation resulting in a new
contract between the volunteer and fellow team members.
10. Steps 3 through 9 are repeated until all team members have a
chance to participate.
VARIATIONS:
1. Each team member can complete the TMS questionnaire on
themselves and the other team members prior to the meeting.
2. Another individual assessment activity is Activity 33, I Think I
Make a Contribution.
50 Activities for Team Building
47
TMS Questionnaire
Task-Oriented Roles Maintenance-Oriented Roles Self-Oriented Roles
Task-Oriented Roles: Contribute to the ability of the group to accomplish its objective.
Low
High
1. Initiating Interaction 1 2 3 4 5
2. Giving/Seeking Information 1 2 3 4 5
3. Giving/Seeking Opinions 1 2 3 4 5
4. Clarifying 1 2 3 4 5
5. Summarizing 1 2 3 4 5
Maintenance-Oriented Roles: Contribute to the ability of the team to create and
maintain effective interpersonal relations.
Low
High
1. Harmonizing 1 2 3 4 5
2. Compromising 1 2 3 4 5
3. Supporting 1 2 3 4 5
4. Gatekeeping 1 2 3 4 5
5. Encouraging 1 2 3 4 5
Self-Oriented Roles: Do not contribute to the effectiveness of the team.
Low
High
1. Blocking 1 2 3 4 5
2. Withdrawing 1 2 3 4 5
3. Dominating 1 2 3 4 5
4. Aggressive 1 2 3 4 5
5. Criticizing 1 2 3 4 5

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