18  From poverty to prosperity

Addressing growth, equity and ethics in a changing environment1

Asunción Lera St. Clair and Victoria Lawson


The Global Environmental Change and Human Security Programme (GECHS) defines human security as an integral concept, as a state that is achieved when and where individuals and communities have the options necessary to end, mitigate or adapt to threats to their human, environmental and social rights; have the capacity and freedom to exercise these options; and actively participate in pursuing these options (GECHS, 1999). As discussed in several chapters in this volume, this emphasis on agency, and on people’s and communities’ existing capacities to respond to any threats – whether social, human ...

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