6.5 Test of Hypothesis about a Population Mean: Student’s t-Statistic

Most water-treatment facilities monitor the quality of their drinking water on an hourly basis. One variable monitored is pH, which measures the degree of alkalinity or acidity in the water. A pH below 7.0 is acidic, one above 7.0 is alkaline, and a pH of 7.0 is neutral. One water-treatment plant has a target pH of 8.5. (Most try to maintain a slightly alkaline level.) The mean and standard deviation of 1 hour’s test results, based on 17 water samples at this plant, are

x=8.42s=.16

Does this sample provide sufficient evidence that the mean pH level in the water differs from 8.5?

This inference can be placed in a test-of-hypothesis framework. We establish the target pH as ...

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