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A Practical Guide to Testing Wireless Smartphone Applications by Julian Harty

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CHAPTER 2

Markup Languages

Markup languages combine instructions with content. The instructions range from formatting, e.g., to display text in italics to links for images, other web content, etc. The instructions are identified with tags, characters with a particular meaning for a given markup language. All of the web-based markup languages use angle brackets < > to indicate markup, e.g., <bold>Hello</bold> indicates the word Hello should be rendered in bold. The ampersand is used to encode angle brackets, and several other characters, in the content, e.g., &gt; represents the < character in the content.

The granddaddy of all web-based markup languages is HTML. When companies wanted to deliver web-like content to mobile phones 5 to 10 years ...

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