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A Practical Introduction to Human-in-the-Loop Cyber-Physical Systems by Fernando Boavida, Jorge Sá Silva, David Nunes

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Foreword

Our world keeps being an increasingly technological one. As first put forward by the renowned computer scientist Mark Weiser, we continue to see that, as devices get smaller in size, more mobile, powerful, and efficient, they begin to “disappear”. Technology is now so intrinsic to our everyday lives that it has become an inherent part of our existence. This is the premise behind concepts such as the Internet of things and cyber-physical systems, in which distributed technology is used to monitor and control the environment. However, our current technological advancement still falls short of Weiser's ideas. Each time we have to hurdle through unintuitive configuration menus, errors, and software incompatibilities we become stressed by our computers and appliances. Weiser argued that the ultimate form of computers was an extension of our subconscious. To him, the ideal computer would be capable of truly understanding people's unconscious actions and desires. Instead of humans adapting to technology and learning how to use it, it would be technology that would adapt to the disposition and uniqueness of each human being.

In fact, systems that consider the human context are becoming increasingly more important, and there are strong indications that most future technologies will most likely be much more human-aware. This book focuses on the realm of human-in-the-loop cyber-physical systems (HiTLCPSs), that is cyber-physical systems that take human response into consideration. ...

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