Chapter 3

Industry Organization

Introduction

In the United States, anyone who wants to provide air transportation service as an air carrier must first obtain two separate authorizations from the Department of Transportation (DOT):

  • Economic authority from the Office of the Secretary in the form of a certificate for interstate or foreign passenger and cargo authority
  • Safety authority in the form of an Air Carrier Certificate and Operations Specifications from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)

Economic authority for U.S. carriers may be in the form of a certificate for interstate or foreign passengers and cargo and mail authority, a certificate for interstate or foreign all-cargo authority, or authorization as a commuter air carrier. ...

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