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Absolute FreeBSD, 2nd Edition by Michael W. Lucas

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Multi-User Startup

Beyond single-user mode you'll find multi-user mode. This is the standard operating mode for a Unix-like OS. If you're doing real work, your system is in multi-user mode.

When FreeBSD finishes inspecting the hardware and attaching all the device drivers appropriately, it runs the shell script /etc/rc. This script mounts all filesystems, brings up the network interfaces, configures device nodes, identifies available shared libraries, and does all the other work necessary to make a system ready for normal work. Most systems have different startup requirements; while almost every server needs to mount a hard drive, a web server's operating requirements are very different from those of a database server even if it's running on absolutely ...

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