One of the critical functions of a firewall is NAT. Use NAT to provide IPv4 network access to multiple machines but show only one public IPv4 address. Some companies provide Internet access to thousands and thousands of machines via NAT.
NAT is like making soup out of a bone—it stretches what you have so that it covers more. Some protocols won’t work well with NAT. It really confuses anyone who is trying to restrict access by IP address. And it can cause nightmares for network forensics and troubleshooters. But NAT is the chosen solution for the IPv4 address shortage.
NAT is not intended as a security mechanism. There are minor security benefits, but they are inadequate against today’s network threats. Relying on NAT for security is ...