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Adhesives Technology Handbook, 3rd Edition

Book Description

Covering a wide range of industrial applications across sectors including medical applications, automotive/aerospace, packaging, electronics, and consumer goods, this book provides a complete guide to the selection of adhesives, methods of use, industrial applications, and the fundamentals of adhesion. Dr Ebnesajjad examines the selection of adhesives and adhesion methods and challenges for all major groups of substrate including plastics (thermosets and thermoplastics), elastomers, metals, ceramics and composite materials. His practical guidance covers joint design and durability, application methods, test methods and troubleshooting techniques. The science and technology of adhesion, and the principles of adhesive bonding are explained in a way that enhances the reader's understanding of the fundamentals that underpin the successful use and design of adhesives.

The third edition has been updated throughout to include recent developments in the industry, with new sections covering technological advances such as nanotechnology, micro adhesion systems, and the replacement of toxic chromate technology.

  • Provides practitioners of adhesion technology with a complete guide to bonding materials successfully
  • Covers the whole range of commonly used substrates including plastics, metals, elastomers and ceramics, explaining basic principles and describing common materials and application techniques
  • Introduces the range of commercially available adhesives and the selection process alongside the science and technology of adhesion

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Preface to Third Edition
  6. Preface to Second Edition
  7. Acknowledgments
  8. Chapter 1. Introduction and Adhesion Theories
    1. 1.1 Definition of Adhesives and Adhesive Bonding
    2. 1.2 Functions of Adhesives
    3. 1.3 Classification of Adhesives
    4. 1.4 Advantages and Disadvantages of Joining Using Adhesives
    5. 1.5 Requirements of a Good Bond
    6. 1.6 Introduction to Theories of Adhesion
    7. 1.7 Definition of Failure Modes
    8. 1.8 Mechanisms of Bond Failure
    9. References
  9. Chapter 2. Surface Tension and Its Measurement
    1. 2.1 Introduction
    2. 2.2 What is an Interface?
    3. 2.3 Surface Tension
    4. 2.4 Surface Free Energy
    5. 2.5 Contact Angle (Young’s Equation)
    6. 2.6 Effect of Temperature on Surface Tension
    7. 2.7 Surface Tension Measurement
    8. References
  10. Chapter 3. Material Surface Preparation Techniques
    1. 3.1 Introduction
    2. 3.2 General Considerations
    3. 3.3 Surface Treatment of Metals
    4. 3.4 Cleaning (Degreasing) Metals
    5. 3.5 Priming
    6. 3.6 Sol–Gel Process
    7. 3.7 Surface Treatment of Plastics
    8. 3.8 Methods for Evaluating Effectiveness of Surface Preparation
    9. 3.9 Surface Exposure Time
    10. References
  11. Chapter 4. Classification of Adhesives and Compounds
    1. 4.1 Introduction
    2. 4.2 Adhesive Composition Formulation
    3. 4.3 Classification of Adhesives
    4. 4.4 Other Classifications
    5. References
  12. Chapter 5. Characteristics of Adhesive Materials
    1. 5.1 Acrylics
    2. 5.2 Allyl Diglycol Carbonate (CR-39)
    3. 5.3 Alloyed or Modified (Two-Polymer) Adhesives
    4. 5.4 Anaerobic Adhesives/Sealants
    5. 5.5 Aromatic Polymer Adhesives (Polyaromatics)
    6. 5.6 Asphalt
    7. 5.7 Butyl Rubber Adhesives
    8. 5.8 Cellulose Ester Adhesives
    9. 5.9 Cellulose Ether Adhesives
    10. 5.10 Conductive Adhesives
    11. 5.11 Cyanoacrylate Adhesives
    12. 5.12 Delayed-Tack Adhesives
    13. 5.13 Elastomeric Adhesives
    14. 5.14 Epoxy Adhesives
    15. 5.15 Epoxy-Phenolic Adhesives
    16. 5.16 Epoxy-Polysulfide Adhesives
    17. 5.17 Film and Tape Adhesives (See also Section 5.3)
    18. 5.18 Furane Adhesives
    19. 5.19 Hot-Melt Adhesives
    20. 5.20 Inorganic Adhesives (Cements)
    21. 5.21 Melamine-Formaldehyde Adhesives (Melamines)
    22. 5.22 Microencapsulated Adhesives
    23. 5.23 Natural Glues
    24. 5.24 Neoprene (Polychloroprene) Adhesives
    25. 5.25 Neoprene-Phenolic Adhesives
    26. 5.26 Nitrile-Epoxy (Elastomer-Epoxy) Adhesives
    27. 5.27 Nitrile-Phenolic Adhesives
    28. 5.28 Nitrile Rubber Adhesive
    29. 5.29 Nylon Adhesives
    30. 5.30 Nylon-Epoxy Adhesives
    31. 5.31 Phenolic Adhesives
    32. 5.32 Phenoxy Adhesives
    33. 5.33 PBI Adhesives
    34. 5.34 Polyester Adhesives
    35. 5.35 PI Adhesives
    36. 5.36 Polyisobutylene Adhesives
    37. 5.37 Polystyrene Adhesives
    38. 5.38 Polysulfides (Thiokols)
    39. 5.39 Polysulfone Adhesives
    40. 5.40 Polyurethane Adhesives
    41. 5.41 Polyvinyl Acetal Adhesives
    42. 5.42 Polyvinyl Acetate Adhesives
    43. 5.43 Polyvinyl Alcohol Adhesives
    44. 5.44 Polyvinyl Butyral Adhesives
    45. 5.45 Premixed Frozen Adhesives
    46. 5.46 Pressure-Sensitive Adhesives
    47. 5.47 Resorcinol-Formaldehyde Adhesives
    48. 5.48 Rubber-Based Adhesives
    49. 5.49 Solvent-Based Systems
    50. 5.50 Thermoplastic Resin Adhesives
    51. 5.51 Thermoplastic Rubber (For Use in Adhesives)
    52. 5.52 Thermosetting Resin Adhesives
    53. 5.53 UV-Curing Adhesives
    54. 5.54 Urea-Formaldehyde Adhesives (Ureas)
    55. 5.55 Vinyl-Epoxy Adhesives
    56. 5.56 Vinyl-Phenolic Adhesives
    57. 5.57 Polyvinyl Formal-Phenolics
    58. 5.58 Polyvinyl Butyral-Phenolics
    59. 5.59 Vinyl-Resin Adhesives
    60. 5.60 Water-Based Adhesives
    61. References
  13. Chapter 6. Adhesives for Special Adherends
    1. 6.1 Introduction
    2. 6.2 Metals
    3. 6.3 Thermoplastics
    4. 6.4 Thermosetting Plastics (Thermosets)
    5. 6.5 Reinforced Plastics/Composites
    6. 6.6 Plastic Foams
    7. 6.7 Rubbers (Elastomers)
    8. 6.8 Ceramics and Glass
    9. References
  14. Chapter 7. Joint Design
    1. 7.1 Basic Principles
    2. 7.2 Types of Stress
    3. 7.3 Methods of Improving Joint Efficiency
    4. 7.4 Joint Design Criteria
    5. 7.5 Typical Joint Designs
    6. 7.6 Peeling of Adhesive Joints
    7. 7.7 Stiffening Joints
    8. 7.8 Cylindrical Joints
    9. 7.9 Angle and Corner Joints
    10. 7.10 Joints for Plastics and Elastomers
    11. 7.11 Stress Analysis of Adhesive Joints
    12. 7.12 Optimizing Adhesive Bonding Through Joint Design—A Practical Approach
    13. References
  15. Chapter 8. Adhesive Applications and Bonding Processes
    1. 8.1 Introduction
    2. 8.2 Adhesive
    3. 8.3 Adhesive Preparation
    4. 8.4 Adhesive Dispensers
    5. 8.5 Methods of Adhesive Application
    6. 8.6 Joint-Assembly Methods
    7. 8.7 Curing
    8. 8.8 Bonding Equipment
    9. 8.9 Weldbonding
    10. References
  16. Chapter 9. Solvent Cementing of Plastics
    1. 9.1 Introduction
    2. 9.2 Background
    3. 9.3 Solvents for Specific Polymers
    4. 9.4 Solvent Cementing—A Commercial Perspective
    5. References
  17. Chapter 10. Adhesives for Medical and Dental Applications
    1. 10.1 Introduction
    2. 10.2 Natural Adhesives
    3. 10.3 Synthetic and Semisynthetic Adhesives
    4. 10.4 Cyanoacrylic Adhesives
    5. 10.5 Test Methods to Characterize Strength of Tissue Adhesives
    6. 10.6 Medical and Dental Applications of Adhesives
    7. 10.7 Bone Adhesives
    8. 10.8 Dental Applications of Adhesives
    9. References
  18. Chapter 11. Durability of Adhesive Bonds
    1. 11.1 Introduction
    2. 11.2 High Temperature
    3. 11.3 Low and Cryogenic Temperatures
    4. 11.4 Humidity and Water Immersion
    5. 11.5 Saltwater and Salt Spray
    6. 11.6 Weathering
    7. 11.7 Chemicals and Solvents
    8. 11.8 Vacuum
    9. 11.9 Radiation
    10. 11.10 Biological Organisms
    11. 11.11 Test Methods
    12. 11.12 Adhesive Bond Durability—A Commercial Perspective
    13. References
  19. Chapter 12. Testing of Adhesive Bonds
    1. 12.1 Introduction
    2. 12.2 Tensile
    3. 12.3 Shear
    4. 12.4 Peel
    5. 12.5 Cleavage
    6. 12.6 Creep
    7. 12.7 Fatigue
    8. 12.8 Impact
    9. 12.9 Durability
    10. 12.10 Compilation of Test Methods and Practices
    11. References
  20. Chapter 13. Quality Control
    1. 13.1 Introduction
    2. 13.2 Incoming Material Control
    3. 13.3 Final Inspection
    4. 13.4 Nondestructive Tests
    5. 13.5 Weldbonding
    6. References
  21. Chapter 14. Safety, Environmental, and Economic Aspects, and Future Trends
    1. 14.1 Safety
    2. 14.2 Environmental Considerations
    3. 14.3 Economics
    4. 14.4 Future Trends
    5. References
  22. Glossary
  23. Index