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Adobe Photoshop CC for Photographers 2018

Book Description

Adobe Photoshop CC for Photographers by acclaimed digital imaging professional Martin Evening has been revamped to include detailed instruction for all of the updates to Photoshop CC on Adobe’s Creative Cloud, including significant new features, such as the painting tool and Pen path tool refinements and Range Masking in Camera Raw. This guide covers all the tools and techniques photographers and professional image editors need to know when using Photoshop, from workflow guidance to core skills to advanced techniques for professional results. Using clear, succinct instruction and real world examples, this guide is the essential reference for Photoshop users. The accompanying website has been updated with new sample images, tutorial videos, and bonus chapters.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Table of Contents
  5. Please read first
  6. Introduction
  7. Acknowledgements
  8. 1 Photoshop fundamentals
    1. Photoshop installation
    2. The Photoshop interface
      1. Photoshop Welcome experience
      2. In-app searches
      3. Sharing images
      4. Creating a new document
        1. The legacy New Document dialog
      5. Tabbed document windows
      6. Managing document windows
        1. Synchronized scroll and zoom
      7. Image document window details
        1. Title bar proxy icons (Mac only)
        2. Info panel status information
      8. Rulers, Grid, & Guides
        1. New Guide Layout dialog
        2. New Guides from Shape
      9. ‘Snap to’ behavior
      10. Pixel Grid view
      11. The Photoshop panels
        1. Panel arrangements and docking
        2. Panel positions remembered in workspaces
        3. Customizing the menu options
        4. Customizing the keyboard shortcuts
      12. Task-based workspaces
        1. Saved workspaces location
        2. Working with a dual display setup
    3. Photoshop CC Tools panel
      1. Toolbar presets
      2. Tool tips
      3. Options bar
      4. Tool Presets
    4. Selection tools
      1. Color Range
        1. A Color Range selection of a selection
        2. Out-of-gamut selections
        3. Skin tone and faces selections
        4. Adjustable tone ranges
      2. Modifier keys
    5. Painting tools
      1. On-the-fly brush changes
        1. On-screen brush adjustments
      2. Brushes panel
      3. Brush Settings panel
      4. Pressure sensitive control
      5. Saving Brush tool presets
      6. Mixer brush
      7. Bristle tip brush shapes
      8. Brush stroke smoothing
      9. Adobe Color Themes panel
      10. Automatically add colors to the Swatches panel
    6. Tools for filling
    7. Tools for drawing
    8. Image editing tools
      1. Move tool
      2. Layer selection using the Move tool
    9. Navigation and information tools
      1. Zoom tool
        1. Zoom tool shortcuts
      2. Hand tool
        1. Bird’s Eye view
        2. Flick panning
        3. Windows Multi-touch support
      3. Eyedropper tool
      4. Ruler tool
      5. Rotate View tool
      6. Notes tool
      7. Count tool
    10. Screen view modes
    11. Working with Layers
    12. Preset Manager
    13. History
      1. The History panel
        1. History settings and memory usage
      2. History Brush
      3. Use of history versus undo
      4. Art History Brush
      5. Snapshots
      6. Non-linear history
    14. When files won’t open
    15. Save often
      1. Background saving
        1. Using Save As... to save images
    16. File formats
      1. Photoshop native file format
        1. Smart PSD
        2. PSDX format
      2. Large Document (PSB) format
      3. TIFF (Tagged Image File Format)
        1. TIFF compression options
        2. Flattened TIFFs
      4. JPEG
      5. HEIF Support and Depth Map
      6. PNG
      7. Photoshop PDF
    17. Adobe Bridge CC
      1. Installing Bridge
      2. The Bridge interface
        1. Custom work spaces in Bridge
        2. Output options
      3. Opening files from Bridge
      4. Slideshows
    18. Camera Raw
      1. DNG and transparency support
      2. Opening photos from Bridge via Camera Raw
    19. Photoshop help
      1. Learn panel
    20. Splash screen
  9. 2 Camera Raw processing
    1. Camera Raw advantages
      1. The new Camera Raw workflow
        1. Does the order matter?
        2. Raw capture
        3. It’s ‘raw’ not ‘RAW’
        4. JPEG capture
        5. Editing JPEGs and TIFFs in Camera Raw
        6. Adobe Photoshop Lightroom
        7. Alternative Raw processors
      2. Camera Raw support
        1. DNG compatibility
    2. Basic Camera Raw image editing
      1. Working with Bridge and Camera Raw
      2. General controls for single file opening
        1. Full-size window view
      3. General controls for multiple file opening
      4. Preview controls
        1. Checkpoints
        2. Preview preferences
      5. Workflow options
      6. Saving photos from Camera Raw
        1. Saving a JPEG as DNG
        2. Resolving naming conflicts
        3. Color space and image sizing options
      7. Opening raw files as Smart Objects
        1. Creating Lightroom-linked Smart Objects
      8. Altering the background color
      9. The histogram display
      10. Digital camera histograms
      11. Interactive histogram
      12. Image browsing via Camera Raw
      13. Bird’s Eye View
      14. Modal tool refinements in Camera Raw
      15. Camera Raw preferences
        1. Default Image Settings
        2. Camera Raw cache
        3. DNG file handling
        4. JPEG and TIFF handling
        5. Performance: Accelerated graphics (GPU)
        6. Graphics card compatibility
        7. Scrubby zoom
      16. Camera Raw cropping and straightening
      17. How to straighten and crop
    3. Basic panel controls
      1. White balance
        1. Using the White balance tool
        2. Localized white balance measurements
      2. Independent auto white balance adjustments
      3. Process Versions
      4. The Version 4 tone adjustment controls
        1. Exposure
        2. Contrast
        3. Highlights and Shadows
        4. Whites and Blacks
        5. Auto-calculated Blacks range
      5. Highlight clipping
        1. When to clip the highlights
      6. How to clip the shadows
      7. Shadow levels after a conversion
        1. Digital exposure
        2. The camera LCD histogram
        3. How Camera Raw interprets the raw data
      8. Basic panel image adjustment procedure
      9. Auto tone corrections
        1. Auto Whites and Blacks sliders
        2. Camera-specific default settings
      10. Clarity
        1. Negative clarity
      11. Correcting a high contrast image
      12. Vibrance and Saturation
      13. Tone Curve panel
        1. Point Curve editor mode
        2. RGB Curves
      14. HSL/Grayscale panel
        1. Recovering out-of-gamut colors
        2. Adjusting the hue and saturation
      15. Lens Corrections panel: Profile tab
        1. Accessing and creating custom lens profiles
        2. Chromatic aberration
      16. Lens Corrections panel: Manual tab
        1. The Defringe controls in use
        2. Eyedropper tool mode
        3. How to remove axial chromatic aberration
        4. Localized adjustments: Defringe slider
      17. Transform tool and Upright corrections
        1. Synchronizing Upright settings
        2. Guided Upright adjustments
        3. Lens Vignetting controls
      18. Effects panel
        1. Post Crop Vignetting control
        2. Post Crop Vignette style options
        3. Highlights slider
        4. Adding Grain effects
        5. Dehaze slider
        6. Localized Dehaze adjustments
      19. Calibration panel
      20. Camera profiles
      21. Camera Raw legacy profiles
      22. Custom camera profile calibrations
        1. Embedding custom profiles
      23. Camera Raw as a Photoshop filter
      24. Spot Removal tool
        1. Creating circle spots
        2. Synchronized spotting with Camera Raw
        3. Spot removal tool feathering
        4. Fine-tuning the Spot removal tool
        5. Visualize spots
        6. Creating brush spots
        7. Deleting spots
      25. Red Eye removal
      26. Red Eye: Pet Eye removal
    4. Localized adjustments
      1. Adjustment Brush
        1. Initial Adjustment Brush options
        2. Brush settings
        3. Adding a new brush effect
        4. Resetting adjustments
        5. Adjustment Brush duplication
      2. Editing brush adjustments
        1. Previewing the brush stroke areas
        2. Auto masking
      3. Range masking
        1. Color Range masking
        2. Luminance Range masking
      4. Darkening the shadows
      5. Hand-coloring in Color mode
      6. Graduated Filter tool
        1. Graduated color temperature adjustment
      7. Radial Filter adjustments
        1. Fill to document bounds
      8. Brush editing filter masks
      9. Correcting edge sharpness with the Radial Filter
      10. Global sharpening only
      11. Global sharpening + radial filter adjustment
      12. Camera Raw settings menu
        1. Export settings to XMP
        2. Update DNG previews
        3. Load Settings… Save Settings
        4. Camera Raw defaults
        5. Saving and applying presets
        6. Copying and synchronizing settings
      13. Synchronizing different process versions
      14. Legacy presets
        1. Synchronize Version 3 from a Version 4 master
        2. Synchronize Version 4 from a Version 3 master
      15. Working with Snapshots
    5. DNG file format
      1. The DNG solution
        1. DNG compatibility
        2. Should you keep the original raws?
      2. Saving images as DNG
        1. Lossy DNG
      3. DNG Converter
  10. 3 Sharpening and noise reduction
    1. When to sharpen
      1. Why one-step sharpening is ineffective
      2. Capture sharpening
        1. Capture sharpening for scanned images
      3. Process versions and Camera Raw sharpening
        1. Tailored sharpening
      4. Sample sharpening image
      5. Detail panel
        1. Sharpening defaults
        2. The sharpening effect sliders
        3. Amount slider
        4. Radius slider
        5. Detail slider
        6. Interpreting the grayscale previews
        7. Radius and Detail grayscale preview
      6. Masking slider
        1. Masking slider example
        2. Real world sharpening examples
        3. Sharpening portrait images
        4. Sharpening landscape images
        5. Sharpening a fine-detailed image
      7. How to save sharpening settings as presets
      8. Capture sharpening summary
      9. Selective sharpening in Camera Raw
        1. Negative sharpening
        2. Extending the sharpening limits
        3. Dual Smart Object sharpening layers
        4. How to apply localized sharpening
        5. Negative sharpening to blur an image
      10. Noise removal in Camera Raw
        1. Detail panel Noise Reduction sliders
        2. Color noise
        3. Removing random pixels
        4. CMOS and CCD sensors
      11. Noise Reduction adjustments
      12. Color Smoothness slider
      13. Adding grain to improve appearance of sharpness
        1. Localized noise reduction in Camera Raw
        2. Localized moiré removal in Camera Raw
      14. No sharpening
      15. Smart Sharpened
    2. Localized sharpening in Photoshop
      1. Sharpen tool
      2. Smart Sharpen filter
        1. Basic Smart Sharpen mode
      3. Advanced Smart Sharpen mode
        1. Removing Motion Blur
      4. Shake Reduction filter
        1. The Shake Reduction controls
        2. Repeat filtering
        3. Smart object support
        4. Blur direction tool
        5. How to get the best results
      5. Creating a depth of field brush
  11. 4 Image editing essentials
    1. Pixels versus vectors
      1. Photoshop as a vector program
      2. Image resolution terminology
        1. PPI: pixels per inch
        2. LPI: lines per inch
        3. DPI: dots per inch
        4. Desktop printer resolution
      3. Altering the image size
      4. Image interpolation
        1. Nearest Neighbor (hard edges)
        2. Bilinear
        3. Bicubic (smooth gradients)
        4. Bicubic Smoother (enlargement)
        5. Bicubic Sharper (reduction)
        6. Bicubic Automatic
        7. Preserve Details (enlargement)
    2. Photoshop image adjustments
      1. The image histogram
        1. The Histogram panel
      2. Basic Levels editing and the histogram
      3. Bit depth
        1. 8-bit versus 16-bit image editing
        2. 16-bit and color space selection
        3. Comparing 8-bit with 16-bit editing
      4. The RGB edit space and color gamut
      5. Direct image adjustments
      6. Adjustment layers
        1. Adjustments panel controls
      7. Properties panel controls
        1. Maintaining focus in the Properties panel
      8. Levels adjustments
        1. Analyzing the histogram
      9. Curves adjustment layers
        1. On-image Curves editing
        2. Removing curve points
        3. Using Curves in place of Levels
        4. Output levels adjustments
        5. Luminosity and Color blending modes
        6. Locking down portions of a curve
        7. Creating a dual contrast curve
      10. Shadows/Highlights
        1. Amount
        2. Tone
        3. Radius
        4. Color Correction
        5. Midtone Contrast
      11. Auto adjustments
      12. Match Color corrections
      13. Enhance Brightness and Contrast
      14. Color corrections using Curves
      15. Hue/Saturation
      16. Vibrance
      17. Photo Filter
      18. Multiple adjustment layers
      19. Adjustment layer masks
      20. Properties panel mask controls
        1. Editing a mask using the masks controls
      21. Image Adjustments as Smart Filters
    3. Cropping
      1. Delete cropped pixels
      2. Crop ratio modes
      3. Crop measurement units
      4. Crop tool presets
      5. Crop overlay display
      6. Crop tool options
      7. Front Image cropping
        1. Disable edge snapping
      8. Selection-based cropping
      9. Canvas size
        1. Corner tracking
      10. Content-Aware Cropping
      11. Big data
      12. Perspective crop tool
      13. Content-Aware scaling
        1. Protect facial features
        2. How to remove objects from a scene
      14. Rotating images
  12. 5 Black and white
    1. Converting color to black and white
      1. Dumb black and white conversions
      2. Smarter black and white conversions
      3. Black & White adjustment presets
      4. Split color toning using Color Balance
      5. Split color toning using Curves adjustments
      6. Split color toning using a Gradient Map
      7. Camera Raw black and white conversions
        1. Pros and cons of the Camera Raw approach
        2. Camera Calibration panel tweaks
        3. HSL grayscale conversions
      8. Camera Raw Split Toning panel
        1. Saturation shortcut
        2. Camera Raw color image split toning
  13. 6 Extending the dynamic range
    1. High dynamic range imaging
      1. HDR essentials
        1. Alternative approaches
        2. Bracketed exposures
      2. Photomatix Pro
      3. Capturing a complete scenic tonal range
      4. HDR shooting tips
        1. HDR File formats
        2. How to fool Merge to HDR
    2. Basic tonal compression techniques
      1. Camera Raw adjustments
      2. Processing HDR files in Camera Raw
        1. The Camera Raw HDR TIFF processing
        2. Creating HDR photos using Photo Merge
        3. Auto Tone setting
        4. Steps to produce a Photo Merge DNG
    3. Merge to HDR Pro
      1. Response curve
      2. Tone mapping HDR images
        1. Local Adaptation
        2. Removing ghosts
        3. How to avoid the ‘HDR look’
        4. Disable image sharpening
      3. Smooth Edges option
      4. HDR toning example
      5. How to smooth HDR toned images
  14. 7 Image retouching
    1. Basic cloning methods
      1. Clone Stamp tool
        1. Clone Stamp brush settings
      2. Healing Brush
      3. Clone Source panel and clone overlays
      4. Choosing an appropriate alignment mode
        1. Clone and healing sample options
      5. Better healing edges
      6. Spot Healing Brush
        1. Healing blend modes
      7. Spot healing in Content-Aware mode
        1. Stroking a path
      8. Diffusion slider for the Healing tools
      9. Patch tool
        1. The Patch tool in Content-Aware fill mode
        2. Structure control
      10. Content-Aware move tool
        1. Content-Aware move tool in Extend mode
      11. Enhanced content-aware color adaptation
        1. Content-Aware move with transformations
      12. Working with the Clone Source panel
      13. Perspective retouching
      14. Ethics of retouching in Photoshop
        1. Portrait retouching
    2. Beauty retouching
    3. Liquify
      1. Liquify filter controls
        1. On-screen cursor adjustments
        2. Pin edges
        3. Saving and loading the mesh
        4. Mask options
        5. View options
        6. Reconstructions
      2. Face-Aware Liquify adjustments
      3. Liquify performance
      4. Smart Object support for Liquify
        1. Targeted distortions using Liquify
  15. 8 Layers, selections, and masking
    1. Selections and channels
      1. Selections
        1. Recalling the last used selection
      2. Quick Mask mode
      3. Creating an image selection
      4. Modifying selections
      5. Alpha channels
      6. Modifying an image selection
      7. Selections, alpha channels, and masks
      8. Anti-aliasing
      9. Feathering
    2. Layers
      1. Layer basics
      2. Image layers
      3. Vector layers
      4. Text layers
      5. Adjustment layers
    3. Layers panel controls
      1. Layer styles
      2. Adding layer masks
        1. Viewing in Mask or Rubylith mode
        2. Copying or removing a layer mask
        3. Adding an empty layer mask
        4. Thumbnail preview clipping
      3. Properties Panel in Masks mode
        1. Working with the Quick selection tool
      4. Select and Mask
        1. View modes
        2. Mask creation
        3. Edge detection
        4. Global Refinements
        5. Output Settings
        6. Select and Mask performance
      5. Ragged borders using Select and Mask
      6. Focus Area
      7. Color Range masking
    4. Layer blending modes
      1. Creating panoramas with Photomerge
        1. Blending options
      2. Panorama Photo Merges in Camera Raw
        1. Creating Photo Merge panoramas
        2. The panorama projection options
        3. Photo Merge Boundary Warp
        4. Panorama Photo Merges and the Adaptive Wide Angle filter
      3. Editing spherical panoramas in Photoshop
      4. Depth of field blending
    5. Working with multiple layers
      1. Color coding layers
      2. Layer group management
        1. Collapse all layers
        2. Managing layers in a group
      3. Clipping masks
        1. How to create a clipping mask
        2. Adding an adjustment layer as a clipping mask
        3. Masking layers within a group
      4. Layer Comps panel
      5. Layer linking
      6. Multiple layer opacity adjustments
      7. Selecting layers
        1. Layer selection using the Move tool
        2. Auto-Select shortcut
        3. Layer selection using the Path selection tools
      8. Layer mask linking
      9. Layer locking
        1. Lock Transparent Pixels
        2. Lock Image Pixels
        3. Lock Layer Position
        4. Lock All
      10. Export options
        1. Metadata and Color Space sections
        2. Exporting layers
      11. Creative Cloud Libraries
        1. Adding and linking assets
        2. Sharing libraries with other users
      12. Create library assets from documents
      13. Smarter naming when merging layers
      14. Layer filtering
        1. Isolation mode layer filtering
    6. Transform commands
      1. Repeat Transforms
      2. Interpolation options
      3. Numeric Transforms
      4. Transforming paths and selections
      5. Transforms and alignment
      6. Warp transforms
      7. Perspective Warp
      8. Puppet Warp
        1. Pin rotation
        2. Pin depth
        3. Multiple pin selection
        4. Smart Objects
    7. Smart Objects
      1. Smart Object workflow
      2. Linked Smart Objects
        1. Creating linked Smart Objects
        2. Resolving bad links
        3. Packaging linked embedded assets
        4. Layers panel Smart Object searches
    8. Photoshop paths
      1. Pen tool modes
      2. Drawing paths with the Pen tool
      3. Pen path drawing example
      4. Pen tool shortcuts summary
      5. Pen tool options
        1. Path display options
      6. Curvature Pen tool
      7. Path selection tools
      8. Paths panel selections
      9. Vector masks
        1. Isolating an object from the background
  16. 9 Blur, optical, and rendering filters
    1. Filter essentials
      1. Blur filters
        1. Gaussian Blur
        2. Average Blur
        3. Adding a Radial Blur to a photo
        4. Surface Blur
        5. Box Blur
        6. Shape Blur
        7. Fade command
        8. Lens Blur
        9. Depth of field effects
      2. Blur Gallery filters
      3. Iris Blur
        1. Ellipse field controls
        2. Blur Tools options
        3. Noise panel
      4. Tilt-Shift blur
        1. Blur ring adjustments
      5. Field Blur
        1. Spin blur
        2. Path blur
      6. Motion Blur Effects panel
        1. Smart Object support
        2. Blur Gallery filters on video layers
        3. Smart objects and selections
        4. Applying a Blur Gallery filter to a video clip
        5. Blur Gallery filter with a smart object plus mask
    2. Smart Filters/Smart Objects
      1. Applying a Smart Filter to an image
      2. Lens Corrections
        1. Video file Lens Corrections
        2. Custom lens corrections
        3. Selecting the most appropriate profiles
      3. Adobe Lens Profile Creator
        1. Interpolating between lens profiles
        2. Lens Correction profiles and Auto-Align
        3. Batch lens correction processing
      4. Adaptive Wide Angle filter
        1. How the Adaptive Wide Angle filter works
        2. Applying constraints
        3. Rotating a constraint
        4. Saving constraints
        5. Constraint line colors
        6. Polygon constraints
        7. Calibrating with the Adaptive Wide Angle filter
        8. Editing panorama images
      5. Flame filter
        1. Flame filter controls
      6. Tree filter
        1. Tree filter panel options
      7. The Oil Paint filter
        1. Graphics card requirements
    3. Filter Gallery
  17. 10 Color Management
    1. The need for color management
      1. Color management objectives
        1. The versatility of RGB
      2. Output-centric color management
    2. Profiled color management
      1. Color Management Modules
      2. The Profile Connection Space
      3. Profiling the display
      4. Profiling the input
      5. Profiling the output
      6. Color management in action
    3. The Color Settings
      1. Color management policies
        1. Preserve embedded profiles
        2. Profile mismatches and missing profiles
        3. Convert to Working space
        4. Color Management Off
      2. Profile conversions
        1. Convert to Profile
        2. Assign Profile
        3. Profile mismatches when pasting
      3. Saving a Color Setting
      4. Reducing the opportunities for error
        1. Playing detective
    4. Conversion options
      1. Rendering intent
        1. Perceptual
        2. Saturation
        3. Relative Colorimetric
        4. Absolute Colorimetric
      2. Black Point Compensation
      3. Use Dither (8-bit per channel images)
      4. Scene-referred profiles
      5. Advanced controls
        1. Desaturate Monitor Colors
        2. Blend RGB Colors using Gamma
        3. Custom RGB and work space gamma
    5. CMYK conversions
      1. CMYK setup
      2. Creating a custom CMYK setting
        1. Ink Colors
        2. Dot gain
        3. Gray Component Replacement (GCR)
        4. Black Generation
        5. Undercolor Addition (UCA)
        6. Undercolor Removal (UCR)
    6. Choosing a suitable RGB workspace
      1. Apple RGB
      2. sRGB IEC-61966-2.1
      3. ColorMatch RGB
      4. Adobe RGB (1998)
      5. ProPhoto RGB
      6. Lab color
      7. Measuring by the numbers
    7. Color management references
    8. Keeping it simple
  18. 11 Print output
    1. Desktop printing
    2. Print sharpening
      1. Judge the print, not the display
      2. High Pass filter edge sharpening technique
      3. Soft proof before printing
        1. Managing print expectations
    3. Making a print
      1. Photoshop Print dialog
        1. Printer selection
        2. Color Management
        3. Adobe Color Printer Utility
        4. Rendering intent selection
        5. Hard Proofing
        6. Proof print or aim print?
        7. Position and Size
        8. Print selected area
        9. Ensuring your prints are centered (Mac)
        10. Printing Marks
        11. Functions
        12. Saving operating system print presets
      2. Print output scripting
      3. Configuring the Print Settings (Mac and PC)
    4. Creating custom print profiles
    5. Creating contact sheets via Bridge CC
    6. Printing tips
  19. Index
  20. Colourmanagement.net
  21. Rod Wynne-Powell