|2||Preparing Youth for Work: The Dilemmas of Education and Training Programs|
W. Norton Grubb
University of California, Berkeley
American youth always seem to be in a terrible state. At the turn of the century educators worried about excessive school drop-outs, unprepared for labor markets. Others emphasized the increasing numbers of immigrant and black youth poorly socialized for adult life, and the growth in juvenile delinquency. The current dilemmas are similar: Youth unemployment has been a serious issue for at least 20 years, illiteracy has become a new problem, teenage pregnancy and sexuality seem out of hand, and juvenile crime has become more prevalent and more violent. Even for middle-class youth, the turmoil of adolescence seems to be ...