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Advanced Organic Chemistry by Maya Shankar Singh

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3

Aliphatic Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of this chapter you should be familiar with

  • Nucleophilic attack on saturated carbon atoms, leading to substitution reactions.
  • Different mechanisms of nucleophilic substitution.
  • How substitution reactions affect stereochemistry.
  • What sort of nucleophiles can substitute, and what sort of leaving groups can be substituted.
  • The types of molecules that can be made by substitution, and what they can be made from.
  • The effect of solvent on the rate of reaction and neighbouring group participation
  • Substitution on the substrates like benzylic, allylic, vinylic and aryl halides.
3.1 INTRODUCTION

Organic chemistry is comparatively simple to learn because most organic chemical ...

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