Development and application of carbon dioxide (CO2) storage for improving the environmental impact of advanced power plants
B. Mc Pherson, The University of UtahUSA
This chapter reviews geological storage of power plant CO2 emissions, including how emissions are captured, and the energy penalty imposed by that capture and subsequent injection for storage. Basic concepts of CO2 flow and transport are outlined, and the geologic ‘trapping mechanisms’ that hold CO2 in place within rock formations are defined. Storage site options are compared, including deep saline formations, hydrocarbon reservoirs and coal seams, and associated site selection criteria. Monitoring technologies and protocols are also discussed. Alternatives to ...