Chapter One

Mechanics of Material Mutations

Paolo Maria Mariano    DICeA, University of Florence, Florence, Italy

Abstract

Mutations in solids are defined here as dissipative reorganizations of the material texture at different spatial scales. We discuss possible views on the description of material mutations with special attention to the interpretations of the idea of multiple reference shapes for mutant bodies. In particular, we analyze the notion of relative power—it allows us to derive standard, microstructural, and configurational actions from a unique source—and the description of crack nucleation in simple and complex materials in terms of a variational selection in a family of bodies differing from one another by the defect pattern, ...

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