T.R. Brown, Iowa State University, USA
M.M. Wright and Y. Román-Leshkov, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
R.C. Brown, Iowa State University, USA
This chapter covers techno-economic assessments (TEA) of advanced biochemical and thermochemical biorefineries. We discuss how governments, companies, and academic institutions are affecting the economic prospects of advanced biorefineries. The text describes their economic challenges and the various strategies being pursued to increase commercial adoption of advanced biorefineries: government incentives, facility scale-up, and technological innovation. Finally, we present an overall ...