Advances in Enterprise Information Systems II Møller & Chaudhry (eds)
© 2012 Taylor & Francis Group, London, ISBN 978-0-415-63131-0
Competitiveness of Czech ICT graduates
Petr Doucek, Ota Novotny, Milos Maryska & Lea Nedomova
University of Economics, Prague, Czech Republic
ABSTRACT: This paper provides an analysis of university ICT graduates skills when entering the
ICT labor market in the Czech Republic. This analysis is focused on universities effectiveness in the
ICT education area and compares study programs with requirements of businesses. The analysis of
the requirements on ICT professionals is presented in the second part of this contribution. Results
show that majority of graduate bachelors do not have sufficient knowledge profile to enter ICT
business without expensive additional training. The same in smaller extent applies to graduates at
master level.
1 INTRODUCTION
The current situation of the existing information technology world is characterized by the increasing
demand for different roles of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) specialists in
different countries and regions. “Basic” ICT skills (e.g. programming, development and testing) are
more required in countries with emerging economies as opposed to stable and developed countries
where the demand is not so extensive. In some regions, for example in Australia, according to
some sources (Doucek et al. 2007) the rate of unemployment in these professions is permanently
increasing. In contradiction are of (Hagan 2004), where after own survey, author presents that
graduates do not have appropriate knowledge for ICT business professions. On the contrary, there
is an increasing demand for “new” ICT skills (e.g. sourcing, business analysis, multimedia working
out, presenting information on social network) (Helfert & Doucek 2007). We cannot predict the
demand for ICT specialists mechanically, because each country or region has their own specific
features and character.
ICT industry seems to be an important contributor to growth of European economy. Almost 16
million people are employed in the ICT sector in OECD countries, and they represent close to 6%
of total OECD business employment. (OECD 2010) Its contribution to the growth represents 4.8%
of GDP (€592.6 billion in 2007) and ICT also drives 20% of overall productivity growth (European
Commission, 2010). From general point of view, the ICT industry includes ICT services and ICT
manufacturing. ICT manufacturing contributes by approximately 1% to GDP (€130.6 billion in
2007) and ICT service sector is responsible for a little less than 4% of GDP (€462 billion in
2007). These contributions seem to be quite effective, but in comparison to other big players in
world economy it is not enough. For the USA the contribution of ICT manufacturing is 1.33%
of GDP and ICT services represent 5% of GDP. For Japan the value of this indicator is 2.9%
for ICT manufacturing and 3.95% for ICT services (European Commission, 2010). Other Asian
countries as Korea or China etc. show growing specialization in ICT manufacturing. On contrary to
these numbers are number in European countries presented in Figure 1 where we see fundamental
differences among European countries and also European countries and other big players.
Figure 1 shows that the largest contribution of ICT sector to GDP in EU is in Finland 8%,
where is also large ICT manufacturing industry. The largest ICT service industry is in the United
Kingdom 4.7% of UK’s GDP. From the Figure 1 is visible that there are only few countries,
where the share of ICT services on GDP is more than 4% (compare with OECD average and big
players). Behind the UK are with 4.2% Finland and Netherlands, followed by Hungary 4.1% and
Czech Republic 4.0%. For other countries is the share lower than four per cents. Detailed analysis
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