Vladimir N. Branets (assisted by Y.A. Bazhanov)
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Russia
Boris E. Landau
Concern CSRI “Elektropribor,” JSC, Russia
Yuri N. Korkishko
David Lynch and
Northrop Grumman Corporation, USA
Vladimir Y. Raspopov
Tula State University, Russia
6.1.1 Preliminary remarks
The term Gyroscope, or “Gyro,” was suggested by the French scientist Leon Foucault, who in 1852 had experimentally shown the ability of a spinning metal rotor, isolated from geocyclic turning, to maintain the direction of its axis of rotation constant in absolute space.
Depending on the physical principles of their construction, gyros can be divided into two groups: mechanical ...