Chapter 2

Agroecology

Principles and Practice

Sieglinde Snapp

Abstract

Ecological principles provide a foundation for resilient and sustainable agriculture that supports rural livelihoods. Climate and soil resources are key drivers of opportunities that smallholders can exploit, and the dynamic nature of agroecological response is discussed in this chapter. The concepts of organism niche and functional groups are presented as a means to group plant and soil biota types, and to combine organisms for high performing assemblages. Design principles explored here include complementarity, redundancy, and mosaics. Agricultural systems that are biologically consistent with these principles are presented, including indigenous and novel technologies. Constraints ...

Get Agricultural Systems: Agroecology and Rural Innovation for Development, 2nd Edition now with O’Reilly online learning.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from 200+ publishers.