Different types of airline brands find its way in the highly competitive airline market serving customers with diverse travel preferences. It is almost impossible to come across two identical airlines. There are several characteristics based on which airlines are defined and classified. These characteristics play a significant role in the undertaking of the airline’s network planning and scheduling. Generally, airlines could be classified and branded based on schedule availability (chartered and scheduled airlines), size and domain of service (e.g. regional, national, and major), business model (legacy, low cost, and ultralow cost), ownership (publicly, privately, and mixed owned), network structure (hub‐and‐spoke and point‐to‐point), locality and network coverage (domestic and international), and transport service type (cargo only and passenger and cargo airlines). A combination of these characteristics defines the brand of the airline.
1.1 Schedule Availability
1.1.1 Charter Airlines
Charter airlines provide on‐demand and as‐needed service for a group of customers (or cargo) that share travel itinerary including origin, destination, and date of travel. Thus, these airlines do not provide a published flight schedule with pricing and seat availability. Any party that is interested in a customized travel service contacts the charter airline (or its agents) and agrees on initiating the flight. The agreement usually involves deciding on date of travel, origin, ...