WHEN FIRST WE MEAN TO BUILD, WE FIRST SURVEY THE PLOT, THEN DRAW THE MODEL.
—WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE, HENRY IV
THE SCIENCES DO NOT TRY TO EXPLAIN, THEY HARDLY EVEN TRY TO INTERPRET, THEY MAINLY MAKE MODELS. BY A MODEL IS MEANT A… CONSTRUCT WHICH, WITH THE ADDITION OF CERTAIN VERBAL INTERPRETATIONS, DESCRIBES OBSERVED PHENOMENA. THE JUSTIFICATION OF SUCH A CONSTRUCT IS SOLELY AND PRECISELY THAT IT IS EXPECTED TO WORK.
—JOHN VON NEUMANN, DIGITAL COMPUTER LOGICIAN AND CREATOR OF GAME THEORY
THE TITLE OF Mark Twain’s What Is Man? poses a question that humankind has pondered for millennia. Over time, the species that scientists call Homo sapiens (the wise) has also variously been referred to as Homo faber ...