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Ambient Assisted Living and Enhanced Living Environments

Book Description

Ambient Assisted Living and Enhanced Living Environments: Principles, Technologies and Control separates the theoretical concepts concerning the design of such systems from their real-world implementations. For each important topic, the book bridges theory and practice, introducing the instruments needed by professionals in their activities.

To this aim, topics are presented in a logical sequence, with the introduction of each topic motivated by the need to respond to claims and requirements from a wide range of AAL/ELE applications. The advantages and limitations of each model or technology are presented through concrete case studies for AAL/ELE systems.

The book also presents up-to-date technological solutions to the main aspects regarding AAL/ELE systems and applications, a highly dynamic scientific domain that has gained much interest in the world of IT in the last decade. In addition, readers will find discussions on recent AAL/ELE technologies that were designed to solve some of the thorniest business problems that affect applications in areas such as health and medical supply, smart city and smart housing, Big Data and Internet of Things, and many more.

  • Introduces readers to technologies supporting the development of Ambient Assisted Living applications
  • Explains state-of-the-art technological solutions for the main issues regarding AAL and Enhanced Living Environments
  • Reports the development process of scientific and commercial applications and platforms that support AAL and ELE
  • Identifies the advanced solutions in the context of Enhanced Living Environments

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedications
  6. Contributors
  7. Biographies
  8. Preface
    1. Introduction
    2. The Overall Objective of the Book
    3. Organization of the book
    4. Acknowledgments
  9. Glossary
  10. Acronyms
  11. Chapter 1: Introduction to the AAL and ELE Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 1.1. Introduction
    3. 1.2. AAL/ELE Systems and Applications
    4. 1.3. A Vision for Ambient Assisted Living
    5. 1.4. Challenges and Research Opportunities
    6. 1.5. Conclusions
    7. References
  12. Chapter 2: Implanted Wireless Body Area Networks: Energy Management, Specific Absorption Rate and Safety Aspects
    1. Abstract
    2. 2.1. Introduction to WBAN
    3. 2.2. Applications of WBAN
    4. 2.3. Use of Ultra Wideband (UWB) in WBAN Applications
    5. 2.4. Design of Implanted Sensor Nodes
    6. 2.5. Implant Power Constraints and Battery Considerations
    7. 2.6. Energy Management
    8. 2.7. Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) and Safety Aspects
    9. 2.8. Energy Efficient Routing in WBAN
    10. 2.9. Adaptive Thermal-Aware Energy Efficient Routing
    11. 2.10. Conclusion
    12. References
  13. Chapter 3: Energy Efficient Communication in Ambient Assisted Living
    1. Abstract
    2. Acknowledgement
    3. 3.1. Introduction/Motivation
    4. 3.2. Background and Related Work
    5. 3.3. Problem Description
    6. 3.4. Experimental Results
    7. 3.5. Summary
    8. References
  14. Chapter 4: The Human Factor in the Design of Successful Ambient Assisted Living Technologies
    1. Abstract
    2. Acknowledgement
    3. 4.1. Introduction
    4. 4.2. The Human Centric Approach
    5. 4.3. Information and Communication Technologies in AAL
    6. 4.4. Technology and Users in AAL: Practical Experiences
    7. 4.5. Lessons Learned
    8. 4.6. Conclusion
    9. References
  15. Chapter 5: Matching Requirements for Ambient Assisted Living and Enhanced Living Environments with Networking Technologies
    1. Abstract
    2. Acknowledgements
    3. 5.1. Introduction
    4. 5.2. Classification of AAL/ELE Domains and Applications
    5. 5.3. Communication Services to Support AAL/ELE Infrastructure
    6. 5.4. Requirements of AAL/ELE Applications
    7. 5.5. Networking Technologies and Their Impact on the AAL/ELE Requirements
    8. 5.6. Key Derivations
    9. 5.7. Conclusion
    10. References
  16. Chapter 6: Recent Advances in Remote Assisted Medical Operations
    1. Abstract
    2. Acknowledgements
    3. 6.1. Introduction
    4. 6.2. The Development and Historical Background of Current Systems
    5. 6.3. Telepresence and Telesurgery
    6. 6.4. Telesurgery in Extreme Environments
    7. 6.5. The Ethical and Legal Considerations of Telepresence
    8. 6.6. Is Robotic Surgery Viable? — Advantages, Disadvantages and Future Directions
    9. 6.7. Robotic Surgery as a Training Tool
    10. 6.8. Conclusion
    11. References
  17. Chapter 7: Cloud Based Smart Living System Prototype
    1. Abstract
    2. Acknowledgements
    3. 7.1. Introduction
    4. 7.2. State of the Art
    5. 7.3. General Architecture of a System for Assisted Living
    6. 7.4. Use-Case Scenarios
    7. 7.5. Conclusions
    8. References
  18. Chapter 8: AAL and ELE Platform Architecture
    1. Abstract
    2. Acknowledgements
    3. 8.1. Introduction
    4. 8.2. State of the Art
    5. 8.3. AAL/ELE Services
    6. 8.4. Requirements Analysis
    7. 8.5. Hierarchical Model Design
    8. 8.6. Sensor Networks. Dew, Fog and Cloud Computing
    9. 8.7. Traffic Patterns, QoS and QoE Requirements
    10. 8.8. Applied Technologies
    11. 8.9. Implementations, Use-Case Scenarios
    12. 8.10. Conclusion and Future Work
    13. References
  19. Chapter 9: Developing Embedded Platforms for Ambient Assisted Living
    1. Abstract
    2. 9.1. Introduction
    3. 9.2. Ongoing Research
    4. 9.3. Ambient Assisted Living Challenges and Applications
    5. 9.4. Proposal Approach
    6. 9.5. Implementation and Evaluation
    7. 9.6. Design Considerations
    8. 9.7. Conclusion
    9. References
  20. Chapter 10: Wearable Electronics for Elderly Health Monitoring and Active Living
    1. Abstract
    2. Acknowledgements
    3. 10.1. Introduction
    4. 10.2. Background
    5. 10.3. Health Monitoring by Using Wearable Devices
    6. 10.4. Software System Architecture
    7. 10.5. Conclusions
    8. 10.6. Future Work
    9. References
  21. Chapter 11: Cloud-Oriented Domain for AAL
    1. Abstract
    2. 11.1. IoT and Cloud Computing in AAL
    3. 11.2. What IoT Cloud Systems Have to Offer
    4. 11.3. Wearable Technology in AAL
    5. 11.4. Challenges and Issues of IoT Cloud Systems in AAL
    6. References
  22. Chapter 12: Adaptive Workspace Interface for Facilitating the Knowledge Transfer from Retired Elders to Start-up Companies
    1. Abstract
    2. Acknowledgements
    3. 12.1. Introduction
    4. 12.2. Related Work
    5. 12.3. Adaptive Workspace Architecture
    6. 12.4. Workspace Adaptation Features
    7. 12.5. Sensor Data Collection and Limitations Profile
    8. 12.6. Adaptation Decision Making
    9. 12.7. Usage Scenario and Results
    10. 12.8. Conclusions
    11. References
  23. Chapter 13: Telemonitoring as a Core Component to Enforce Remote Biofeedback Control Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. Acknowledgements
    3. 13.1. Introduction
    4. 13.2. Background
    5. 13.3. Telemonitoring State-of-the-Art
    6. 13.4. Remote Biofeedback Control Systems: Ontological Design
    7. 13.5. Discussion
    8. 13.6. Conclusions and Future Work
    9. References
  24. Chapter 14: The Role of Smart Homes in Intelligent Homecare and Healthcare Environments
    1. Abstract
    2. Acknowledgements
    3. 14.1. Introduction
    4. 14.2. The Smart Home Concept
    5. 14.3. Telehealth Scenario in Smart Home
    6. 14.4. Telehealth in Smart Home: Main Components
    7. 14.5. Middleware Tools
    8. 14.6. Home Automation Technologies and Sensors
    9. 14.7. Acquisition Context
    10. 14.8. Knowledge Base
    11. 14.9. Reasoning
    12. 14.10. Learning
    13. 14.11. Big Data, Cloud Computing and the Internet of Things
    14. 14.12. Challenges
    15. 14.13. Conclusion
    16. References
  25. Chapter 15: Visual Information-Based Activity Recognition and Fall Detection for Assisted Living and eHealthCare
    1. Abstract
    2. 15.1. Introduction
    3. 15.2. Existing Methods on Visual Activity Recognition for Assisted Living
    4. 15.3. Visual Activity Recognition Using Manifold-Based Approaches
    5. 15.4. Experimental Results
    6. 15.5. Discussion
    7. 15.6. Conclusion
    8. References
  26. Chapter 16: End-Users Testing of Enhanced Living Environment Platform and Services
    1. Abstract
    2. Acknowledgement
    3. 16.1. Introduction
    4. 16.2. State of the Art and Living Labs Experience
    5. 16.3. AALaaS and ELEaaS Platform
    6. 16.4. Stakeholders as Testers
    7. 16.5. Platform and Application Testing
    8. 16.6. Conclusion and Future Work
    9. References
  27. Chapter 17: M2M Communications and Their Role in AAL
    1. Abstract
    2. 17.1. Introduction
    3. 17.2. M2M Communications and Architectures
    4. 17.3. M2M as an Enabling Technology for AAL — State of the Art
    5. 17.4. Conclusion
    6. References
  28. Index