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American Signal Intelligence in Northwest Africa and Western Europe by George F. Howe

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Author's Note

The completion of this cryptologic history in its present form has been accomplished by the efforts of many persons. Of those with whom the author has worked directly and to whom much credit for substance and form is due, he gratefully acknowledges the contributions by members of the NSA History and Publications Staff — Vincent J. Wilson, Jr., Chief; Henry Schorreck, Historian; Priscilla Pitts, Editor; Jean Hall, Secretary; and Linda Dinan, an ex-member; as well as Charles White Eagle, cartographer; and Wallace Winkler, Ray Schmidt, and E. Dale Marston, in their role as historical researchers.

George F. Howe

3 June 1980

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