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An Emergent Theory of Digital Library Metadata

Book Description

An Emergent Theory of Digital Library Metadata is a reaction to the current digital library landscape that is being challenged with growing online collections and changing user expectations. The theory provides the conceptual underpinnings for a new approach which moves away from expert defined standardised metadata to a user driven approach with users as metadata co-creators. Moving away from definitive, authoritative, metadata to a system that reflects the diversity of users’ terminologies, it changes the current focus on metadata simplicity and efficiency to one of metadata enriching, which is a continuous and evolving process of data linking. From predefined description to information conceptualised, contextualised and filtered at the point of delivery. By presenting this shift, this book provides a coherent structure in which future technological developments can be considered.



    • Metadata is valuable when continuously enriched by experts and users
    • Metadata enriching results from ubiquitous linking
    • Metadata is a resource that should be linked openly
    • The power of metadata is unlocked when enriched metadata is filtered for users individually

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Authors biography
  6. Re-thinking library metadata
  7. 1. Introduction
    1. The construction of metadata
    2. Metadata categories
    3. The continued relevance of metadata
  8. 2. Existing standards-based metadata approaches and principles
    1. The principle of sufficiency and necessity
    2. The principle of user convenience
    3. The principle of representation
    4. The principle of standardisation
    5. Integration and interoperability
    6. Guiding assumptions for the principle of standardisation
    7. Controlled vocabularies
    8. A priori metadata
    9. Limitations of contemporary standards-based metadata approaches
    10. The future of metadata standards
    11. Summary
  9. 3. The Web 2.0 paradigm and the emergence of socially-constructed metadata approaches
    1. Web 2.0 concepts
    2. Platform for two-way collaboration
    3. Users as co-creators
    4. The wisdom of crowds
    5. Variable participation
    6. Openness
    7. Post-hoc quality control
    8. Web 2.0 technologies and implications for libraries
    9. The case of Wikipedia versus encyclopaedia Britannica
    10. Limitations of the Web 2.0 paradigm
    11. The social construction of metadata
  10. 4. The emergence of socially-constructed metadata in a mixed metadata approach
    1. The positioning of post-hoc metadata creation
    2. The potential benefit of involving users
    3. Current platforms proactive metadata co-creation
    4. Users as proactive metadata co-creators
    5. Metadata diversity
    6. Metadata scalability and variable metadata participation
    7. Metadata aggregation
    8. Network effect and wisdom of crowds
    9. Self-healing system
    10. Affixing provenance to metadata
    11. Collective metadata intelligence
    12. Motivation for socially-constructed metadata approaches
    13. Challenges to implementing socially-constructed metadata approaches
    14. Metadata quality control
    15. Towards a mixed metadata approach
  11. 5. The principle of metadata enriching
    1. Metadata diversity
    2. Metadata granularity
    3. Platform for metadata enriching
  12. 6. The principle of metadata linking
    1. Enriching via linking
    2. Current status of linking in libraries
    3. Resource usage patterns, zeitgeist and emergent metadata
    4. Facet-based navigations
    5. Metadata enriching with links
    6. Challenges to adopt linking technologies in libraries
    7. Re-conceptualising library metadata as granular metadata statements
    8. Unique metadata identifiers
    9. Integrating socially-constructed metadata
    10. Facilitate serendipitous discovery of information resources
    11. Summary
  13. 7. The principle of metadata openness
    1. Improving institutional transparency and accountability
    2. Metadata sharing and return on investment
    3. Improved user experiences
    4. Degrees of metadata openness and metadata licensing
    5. Summary
  14. 8. The principle of metadata filtering
    1. Emerging user preferences and convenience
    2. Searching, manual filtering and triangulation
    3. Contextualised and personalised post-hoc metadata filtering
    4. Personalisation and privacy
    5. Recommendation services
    6. Summary
  15. 9. The theory of metadata enriching and filtering
    1. Integrating the four principles
    2. The theory of metadata enriching and filtering
    3. Separation of metadata content (enriching) and interface (filtering)
    4. Separation of about-ness from medium
    5. Enriching and filtering as a non-deterministic process
    6. From user-centred to user-driven metadata enriching and filtering
    7. Enriching as a continuous process
    8. Metadata diversity better conforming to users’ needs
    9. Seamless linking
    10. ‘Useful’ rather than ‘perfect’ metadata
    11. Post-hoc user-driven filtering
    12. Summary
  16. Glossary
  17. Abbreviations
  18. References
  19. Index