O'Reilly logo

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

Animation: A World History

Book Description

A continuation of 1994’s groundbreaking Cartoons, Giannalberto Bendazzi’s Animation: A World History is the largest, deepest, most comprehensive text of its kind, based on the idea that animation is an art form that deserves its own place in scholarship. Bendazzi delves beyond just Disney, offering readers glimpses into the animation of Russia, Africa, Latin America, and other often-neglected areas and introducing over fifty previously undiscovered artists. Full of first-hand, never before investigated, and elsewhere unavailable information, Animation: A World History encompasses the history of animation production on every continent over the span of three centuries.

Volume II delves into the decades following the Golden Age, an uncertain time when television series were overshadowing feature films, art was heavily influenced by the Cold War, and new technologies began to emerge that threatened the traditional methods of animation. Take part in the turmoil of the 1950s through 90s as American animation began to lose its momentum and the advent of television created a global interest in the art form. With a wealth of new research, hundreds of photographs and film stills, and an easy-to-navigate organization, this book is essential reading for all serious students of animation history.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title
  3. Copyright
  4. Contents
  5. Contributors and Collaborators
  6. The Fourth Period
    1. 1 America
      1. After the Long Telegram
        1. Culture
        2. Almighty and Suspicious
        3. Gerald McBoing Boing
        4. UPA
        5. Pete Burness
        6. Robert Cannon
        7. John Hubley
        8. Theory from Practice
        9. The Galaxy
      2. Walt Disney
      3. Warner Bros.
        1. Friz Freleng
        2. Chuck Jones
        3. Michael Maltese
      4. The Resurgence of Terrytoons
        1. Walter Lantz’s Oasis
        2. MGM’s Cat and Mouse
      5. From Fleischer to Famous
      6. Bunin’s Puppets
        1. Television 101
      7. TV and American Animation
        1. Jay Ward
      8. TV and Animated Commercials
      9. The West Coast Experimental Film Movement
        1. Jordan Belson
        2. Harry Smith, Heaven and Earth Magician
        3. The Enigma of Hy Hirsh
      10. The Canadian Phenomenon
        1. Norman McLaren
      11. More About It
    2.  2 Western Europe
      1. Great Britain
        1. John David Wilson
        2. John Halas and Joy Batchelor
      2. France
        1. Grimault and the Stories from the Front
        2. Ladislas Starewitch and the Feature Film
      3. Germany
      4. Federal Republic of Germany
      5. Austria
      6. Switzerland
      7. Denmark
        1. Kaj Pindal
        2. Bent Barfod
      8. Norway
      9. Finland
      10. Greece
      11. Italy
      12. Portugal
    3.  3 Eastern Europe
      1. Poland
      2. Czechoslovakia and Puppets
        1. Hermína Týrlová
        2. Karel Zeman
        3. Jiří Trnka
        4. The Music of the Puppets
      3. Hungary
      4. Yugoslavia: The First Stage of the Zagreb School
        1. Croatia
      5. Bulgaria
      6. Romania
      7. More About It 1
      8. More About It 2
    4.  4 Soviet Union
      1. Russia
        1. Ivan Ivanov-Vano
      2. Lithuania
      3. Georgia
    5.  5 Asia
      1. Japan
        1. Toei Doga’s Start-Up
        2. Praiseworthy People
        3. Mori Yasuji
        4. Otogi Pro
        5. Experiments
      2. China
    6.  6 Latin America
      1. Mexico
      2. Venezuela
      3. Brazil
      4. Argentina
    7.  7 Africa
      1. South African Republic
  7. The Fifth Period
    1.  8 The Three Markets (1960–1991)
      1. Global Stability
      2. It Seemed Such an Easy Game
        1. Animation Forks
    2.  9 America
      1. On the Big Screen – Shorts
      2. On the Big Screen – Feature Films
        1. Stephen Bosustow
        2. A Cat in the Heavy Traffic
        3. Ray Harryhausen
      3. On the Small Screen
        1. Weston Woods, from Book to Film
      4. Independent Filmmakers
        1. Ernest Pintoff
        2. Jane Aaron
        3. John Canemaker
        4. George Griffin
      5. Those Talented Inventive People
        1. John and Faith Hubley
        2. Will Vinton
      6. Fine Artists for Animation
        1. Jules Engel
        2. Robert Breer
        3. John Whitney
        4. James Whitney
        5. Lawrence Jordan
      7. People Not to Overlook
        1. Stan Van der Beek
      8. Canada
        1. The National Film Board Goes to Heaven
        2. Pierre Hébert
        3. Vancouver & Co.
        4. Caroline Leaf
        5. Ishu Patel
        6. Frédéric Back
      9. More About It 1
      10. More About It 2
      11. More About It 3
      12. More About It 4
    3. 10 Western Europe
      1. Cartoon EU
        1. Clusters of Studios
        2. New Technologies
        3. The Pre-Production
        4. Cartoon Forum
        5. The Cartoon d’Or
        6. Cartoon Movie
      2. Great Britain: The Good Years
        1. Alison De Vere
        2. The Quay Brothers
        3. Young Aardman & Co.
        4. George Dunning
        5. Yellow Submarine
        6. Richard Williams
        7. Bob Godfrey
      3. Ireland
        1. Aidan Hickey
        2. Jimmy Murakami
      4. France: From Craftsmanship to Ambition
        1. Other French Animators
        2. Jean-François Laguionie
        3. Piotr Kamler
        4. Walerian Borowczyk
        5. Peter Földes
        6. The Roaring 1980s
      5. Belgium
        1. Raoul Servais
      6. The Netherlands
        1. Børge Ring
        2. Paul Driessen
      7. West Germany (Federal Republic of Germany)
        1. Wolfgang Urchs
        2. Helmut Herbst
        3. Franz Winzentsen
        4. The 1980s
        5. Curt Linda
        6. Jan Lenica
      8. Austria
      9. Switzerland
      10. Denmark
        1. Lejf Marcussen
        2. Jannik Hastrup
      11. Sweden: Growth
      12. Norway
      13. Finland: Reserved and Serene
      14. Iceland
      15. Greece
      16. Italy: Allegro non Troppo
        1. Bruno Bozzetto
        2. Gianini and Luzzati
        3. Osvaldo Cavandoli
        4. Guido Manuli
        5. Manfredo Manfredi
        6. Cioni Carpi
      17. Spain
        1. Francisco Macián
        2. The Entertainment Companies
        3. The Independents
      18. Portugal
        1. Artur Correia
        2. Ricardo Neto
        3. More Talents
      19. More About It 1
      20. More About It 2
      21. More About It 3
      22. More About It 4
      23. More About It 5
    4. 11 Eastern Europe
      1. German Democratic Republic
        1. Underground Animation Films
      2. Poland: The Poetry of Pessimism
        1. Mirosław Kijowicz
        2. Daniel Szczechura
        3. Stefan Schabenbeck
        4. Ryszard Czekała
        5. Experiments, Craftsmanship and Sarcasm
      3. Czechoslovakia: Trnka’s Heirs
        1. Jiří Brdečka
        2. The Horse Opera
        3. Břetislav Pojar
        4. Jan Švankmajer
        5. Besides the Masters
      4. Slovakia
      5. Hungary
      6. Yugoslavia: The New Zagreb School
        1. Tomica Simović, Animating the Orchestra
        2. Nedeljko Dragić
        3. Zlatko Grgić
        4. Borivoj Dovniković
        5. Igor Savin, Animating the Synthesizer
        6. Zlatko Bourek
        7. Ante Zaninović
        8. Marks and Jutriša
        9. Pavao Štalter
        10. Zdenko Gašparović
        11. Joško Marušić
        12. Other Artists
        13. Beyond Zagreb
      7. Slovenia
      8. Serbia
      9. Bosnia and Herzegovina
      10. Macedonia
      11. Bulgaria
      12. Romania
      13. Albania
      14. More About It
    5. 12 Soviet Union I
      1. Russia
        1. Thaw
        2. Acclaim
        3. Stagnation
        4. The Best Animation Ever
        5. Stagnation after Stagnation
        6. Quality Hatches at Soyuzmultfilm
        7. Anatoly Karanovich
        8. Roman Kachanov
        9. At Long Last Cheburashka
        10. Anatoly Petrov
        11. Boris Stepantsev
        12. Nikolay Serebriakov
        13. Ivan Ufimtsev
        14. Vadim Kurchevsky
        15. Gennady Sokolsky
        16. Leonid Nosyrev
        17. Stanislav Sokolov
        18. Ideya Garanina
        19. Nina Shorina
        20. And Many, Many More
        21. Multtelefilm, Soyuzmultfilm’s Competitor
        22. Aida Zyabliakova
        23. Anatoly Solin
        24. Fedor Khitruk
        25. Eduard Nazarov
        26. Garri Bardin
        27. Andrei Khrzhanovsky
        28. Yuri Norstein
        29. Francesca Yarbusova
        30. The Old and the New
        31. Perestroika
      2. More About It
    6. 13 Soviet Union II
      1. Estonia
      2. Latvia
        1. Arnolds Burovs
        2. More Puppeteers
        3. Starting from Cut-Outs
        4. Šmerlis
      3. Lithuania
      4. Belarus
      5. Moldova
      6. Ukraine
        1. 1960–1963 the Stage of Formation
        2. 1964–1967 Creative Searches
        3. 1968–1984 Creative Upraise
        4. 1985–1991 Perestroika (the Rebuilding)
      7. Georgia
      8. Armenia
      9. Azerbaijan
      10. Kazakhstan
        1. Amen Khaidarov
      11. Uzbekistan
        1. The Puppets of the 1960s
        2. One Decade Later
        3. The Heyday
      12. Kyrgyzstan
        1. Trial of Strength (1977–1980)
        2. Art-Houses and Fairy Tales (1981–1987)
        3. The Triumph of Art-Houses (1987–1990)
      13. Tajikistan
      14. Turkmenistan
    7. 14 Asia
      1. Japan
        1. Japanese Television
        2. Astro Boy and the Beginning of TV Animation
        3. Tezuka Osamu
        4. Mushi Productions
        5. Tezuka Productions
        6. Studio Tatsunoko
        7. A Production/Shin’ei Doga
        8. Toei’s Fortunes
        9. Animēshon Sannin no Kai
        10. Kuri Yoji
        11. Animation vs Art Video
        12. Puppet Animation
        13. Kawamoto Kihachiro
        14. The Tokusatsu Factor
        15. The Anime Boom in the West
        16. Before the Anime Boom
        17. The Boom in Europe and Its Appendix in the United States
          1. In Europe
          2. In the United States
        18. The Ten Champions
          1. UFO Robo Grendizer
          2. Mazinger Z
          3. Uchu Senkan Yamato
          4. Kagaku Ninja Tai Gatchaman
          5. Uchu Kaizoku Captain Harlock
          6. Candy Candy
          7. Kido Senshi Gundam
          8. Versailles No Bara
          9. Urusei Yatsura
          10. Captain Tsubasa
        19. Anime
        20. Otaku
        21. The Original Anime Video
        22. Collaborations
        23. The Crisis of the Mid-1980s
        24. Akira and the End of the Decade
      2. Israel
      3. Turkey
      4. Iraq
        1. And Sesame Opened
      5. Iran
      6. Mongolia
      7. North Korea
      8. South Korea
      9. China
      10. Taiwan
      11. Hong Kong
      12. India
        1. The Films Division
        2. Limited Animation
        3. The Private Studios
        4. Animation Education
        5. Personal Films
        6. The Black Decade
      13. Sri Lanka
      14. Vietnam
      15. Thailand
      16. Malaysia
      17. Singapore
      18. Indonesia
      19. The Philippines
    8. 15 Africa
      1. Algeria
      2. Tunisia
      3. Egypt
      4. Mali
      5. Niger
      6. Senegal
      7. Liberia
      8. Ivory Coast
      9. Ghana
      10. Togo
      11. Burkina Faso
      12. Cameroon
      13. Zaire
      14. Burundi
      15. Zambia
      16. Mozambique
      17. Mauritius
      18. South African Republic
        1. The SABC Animation Unit
        2. Alternative Animation Commissioned for South African Television (1976–1988)
        3. Dave McKey Animation Services
        4. Annie-Mation Studios
        5. Glenn Coppens Cartoons
      19. More About It 1
      20. More About It 2
      21. More About It 3
    9. 16 Latin America
      1. Mexico
      2. Cuba
      3. Nicaragua
      4. Costa Rica
      5. Colombia
      6. Venezuela
      7. Peru
      8. Brazil
      9. Bolivia
        1. Jesús Pérez
      10. Chile
      11. Argentina
      12. Uruguay
    10. 17 Oceania
      1. Australia
        1. Yoram Gross
        2. Independent Filmmakers
          1. Comics
        3. Avant-Garde Animation
        4. Harry Reade
      2. New Zealand
    11. 18 Issues
      1. Computers and Animation
      2. Those Masters’ Voices
  8. Index