As we start using Maven, we need to understand the Maven project lifecycle. Maven is implemented based around the concept of a build lifecycle. This means there is a clearly defined process to build and distribute artifacts with Maven.
What makes up a lifecycle? The stages of a lifecycle are called phases. In each phase, one or more goals can be executed.
Maven is set up on your system and is verified as working. For setting up Apache Maven, refer to the first three recipes of Chapter 1, Getting Started.
To build a Maven project, perform the following steps: