The configuration files in
example/solr/conf are extremely well documented. We're not going to go over the details here but this should give you a sense of what is where.
Unlike typical database software in which the configuration files don't need to be modified much if at all from their defaults, you will modify Solr's extensively—especially the schema. The as-provided state of these files is really just an example to both demonstrate features and document their configuration and should not be taken as the only way of configuring Solr.
Solr's schema for the index is defined in
schema.xml. It contains field type definitions within the
and then the index's fields within the
. You will observe ...