Understanding the cost function

The cost function or loss function is a very important function in machine learning algorithms. Most algorithms have some form of cost function, and the goal is to minimize this. Parameters, which affect cost functions, such as stepSize, are called hyperparameters; they need to be set by hand. Therefore, understanding the whole concept of the cost function is very important.

In this recipe, we are going to analyze the cost function in linear regression. Linear regression is a simple algorithm to understand, and it will help you understand the role of cost functions for even complex algorithms.

Let's go back to linear regression. The goal is to find the best-fitting line so that the mean square of the error ...

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