The Principles and Foundations of Semantic Segmentation

In this chapter, we are going to talk about how deep learning and convolutional neural networks (CNNs) can be adapted to solve semantic segmentation tasks in computer vision.

In a self- driving car (SDC), the vehicle must know exactly where another vehicle is on the road or where a person is crossing the road. Semantic segmentation helps make these identifications. Semantic segmentation with CNNs effectively means classifying each pixel in the image. Thus, the idea is to create a map of fully detectable object areas in the image. Basically, what we want is an output image in the slide where every pixel has a label associated with it.

For example, semantic segmentation will label all ...

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