Applied Physics

Book Description

Applied Physics is designed to cater to the needs of first year undergraduate engineering students of Jawaharlal Nehru Technical University (J.N.T.U). Written in a lucid style, this book assimilates the best practices of conceptual pedagogy, dealin

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Contents
  4. Foreword
  5. Preface
  6. Chapter 1 - Bonding in Solids
    1. 1.1 - Different Types of Bonding in Solids
    2. 1.2 - Cohesive Energy and Estimation of Cohesive Energy of Ionic Solids
    3. 1.3 - Estimation of Cohesive Energy of NaCl Molecule in a Solid
    4. 1.4 - Madelung Constant
      1. Formulae
      2. Solved Problems
      3. Multiple Choice Questions
      4. Answers
      5. Review Questions
  7. Chapter 2 - Crystal Structures
    1. 2.1 - Introduction
    2. 2.2 - Space Lattice (or) Crystal Lattice
    3. 2.3 - The Basis and Crystal Structure
    4. 2.4 - Unit Cell and Lattice Parameters
    5. 2.5 - Crystal Systems and Bravais Lattices
    6. 2.6 - Structure and Packing Fractions of Simple Cubic [SC] Structure
    7. 2.7 - Structure and Packing Fractions of Body-Centred Cubic Structure [BCC]
    8. 2.8 - Structure and Packing Fractions of Face-Centred Cubic [FCC] Structure
    9. 2.9 - Diamond Cubic Structure
    10. 2.10 - NaCl Crystal Structure
    11. 2.11 - Caesium Chloride [CsCl] Structure
    12. 2.12 - Zinc Sulphide [ZnS] Structure
    13. 2.13 - Stacking Sequence in Metallic Crystals
    14. 2.14 - Calculation of Lattice Constant
      1. Solved Problems
      2. Multiple Choice Questions
      3. Answers
      4. Review Questions
  8. Chapter 3 - Crystal Planes, X-ray Diffraction and Defects in Solids
    1. 3.1 - Crystal Planes, Directions and Miller Indices
    2. 3.2 - Distance of Separation Between Successive hkl Planes
    3. 3.3 - Imperfections in Crystals
    4. 3.4 - Energy for the Formation of a Vacancy and Number of Vacancies at Euqilibrium Concentration
    5. 3.5 - Diffraction of X-rays by Crystal Planes and Bragg's Law
    6. 3.6 - Powder Method
    7. 3.7 - Laue Method
      1. Formulae
      2. Solved Problems
      3. Multiple Choice Questions
      4. Answers
      5. Review Questions
  9. Chapter 4 - Elements of Statistical Mechanics and Principles of Quantum Mechanics
    1. 4.1 - Introduction
    2. 4.2 - Phase Space
    3. 4.3 - Maxwell–Boltzmann Distribution
    4. 4.4 - Fermi–Dirac Distribution
    5. 4.5 - Bose–Einstein Distribution
    6. 4.6 - Comparison of Maxwell–Boltzmann, Fermi–Dirac and Bose–Einstein Distributions
    7. 4.7 - Photon Gas
    8. 4.8 - Concept of Electron Gas and Fermi Energy
    9. 4.9 - Density of Electron States
    10. 4.10 - Black Body Radiation
    11. 4.11 - Waves and Particles—de Broglie Hypothesis—Matter Waves
    12. 4.12 - Relativistic Correction
    13. 4.13 - Planck's Quantum Theory of Black Body Radiation
    14. 4.14 - Experimental Study of Matter Waves
    15. 4.14 - Schrödinger's Time-Independent Wave Equation
    16. 4.15 - Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
    17. 4.16 - Physical Significance of the Wave Function
    18. 4.17 - Particle in a Potential Box
      1. Formulae
      2. Solved Problems
      3. Multiple Choice Questions
      4. Answers
      5. Review Questions
  10. Chapter 5 - Electron Theory of Metals
    1. 5.1 - Introduction
    2. 5.2 - Classical Free Electron Theory of Metals
    3. 5.3 - Relaxation Time, Mean Free Path, Mean Collision Time and Drift Velocity
    4. 5.4 - Fermi-Dirac Distribution
    5. 5.5 - Quantum Free Electron Theory of Electrical Conduction
    6. 5.6 - Sources of Electrical Resistance
    7. 5.7 - Band Theory of Solids
    8. 5.8 - Bloch Theorem
    9. 5.9 - Origin of Energy Bands Formation in Solids
    10. 5.10 - Velocity and Effective Mass of an Electron
    11. 5.11 - Distinction Between Metals, Semiconductors and Insulators
      1. Formulae
      2. Solved Problems
      3. Multiple Choice Questions
      4. Answers
      5. Review Questions
  11. Chapter 6 - Dielectric Properties
    1. 6.1 - Introduction
    2. 6.2 - Dielectric Constant
    3. 6.3 - Internal or Local Field
    4. 6.4 - Clausius–Mosotti Relation
    5. 6.5 - Orientational, Ionic and Electronic Polarizations
    6. 6.6 - Frequency Dependence of Polarizability: [Dielectrics in Alternating Fields]
    7. 6.7 - Piezoelectricity
    8. 6.8 - Ferroelectricity
    9. 6.9 - Frequency Dependence of Dielectric Constant
    10. 6.10 - Important Requirements of Insulators
      1. Formulae
      2. Solved Problems
      3. Multiple Choice Questions
      4. Answers
      5. Review Questions
  12. Chapter 7 - Magnetic Properties
    1. 7.1 - Magnetic Permeability
    2. 7.2 - Magnetization (M)
    3. 7.3 - Origin of Magnetic Moment – Bohr Magneton – Electron spin
    4. 7.4 - Classification of Magnetic Materials
    5. 7.5 - Classical Theory of Diamagnetism (Langevin Theory)
    6. 7.6 - Theory of Paramagnetism
    7. 7.7 - Domain Theory of Ferromagnetism
    8. 7.8 - Hysteresis Curve
    9. 7.9 - Anti-Ferromagnetic Substances
    10. 7.10 - Ferrimagnetic Substances [Ferrites]
    11. 7.11 - Soft and Hard Magnetic Materials
    12. 7.12 - Applications of Ferrites
      1. Formulae
      2. Solved Problems
      3. Multiple Choice Questions
      4. Answers
      5. Review Questions
  13. Chapter 8 - Semiconductors and Physics of Semiconductor Devices
    1. 8.1 - Introduction
    2. 8.2 - Intrinsic Semiconductors – Carrier Concentration
    3. 8.3 - Electrical Conductivity of a Semiconductor
    4. 8.4 - Extrinsic Semiconductors
    5. 8.5 - Carrier Concentration in Extrinsic Semiconductors
    6. 8.6 - Minority Carrier Life Time
    7. 8.7 - Drift and Diffusion Currents
    8. 8.8 - Einstein's Relations
    9. 8.9 - Continuity Equation
    10. 8.10 - Hall Effect
    11. 8.11 - Direct and Indirect Band Gap Semiconductors
    12. 8.12 - Formation of p-n Junction
    13. 8.13 - Energy Band Diagram of p-n Diode
    14. 8.14 - Diode Equation
    15. 8.15 - p-n Junction Biasing
    16. 8.16 - V–I Characteristics of p-n Diode
    17. 8.17 - p-n Diode Rectifier
    18. 8.18 - Light Emitting Diode [LED]
    19. 8.19 - Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)
    20. 8.20 - Photodiodes
      1. Formulae
      2. Solved Problems
      3. Multiple Choice Questions
      4. Answers
      5. Review Questions
  14. Chapter 9 - Superconductivity
    1. 9.1 - Introduction
    2. 9.2 - General Features of Superconductors
    3. 9.3 - Type-I and Type-II Superconductors
    4. 9.4 - Penetration Depth
    5. 9.5 - Flux Quantization
    6. 9.6 - Quantum Tunneling
    7. 9.7 - Josephson's Effect
    8. 9.8 - BCS Theory
    9. 9.9 - Applications of Superconductivity
      1. Formulae
      2. Solved Problems
      3. Multiple Choice Questions
      4. Answers
      5. Review Questions
  15. Chapter 10 - Lasers
    1. 10.1 - Introduction
    2. 10.2 - Characteristics of Laser Radiation
    3. 10.3 - Spontaneous and Stimulated Emission
    4. 10.4 - Einstein's Coefficients
    5. 10.5 - Population Inversion
    6. 10.6 - Helium–Neon Gas [He–Ne] Laser
    7. 10.7 - Ruby Laser
    8. 10.8 - Semiconductor Lasers
    9. 10.9 - Carbon Dioxide Laser
    10. 10.10 - Applications of Lasers
      1. Formula
      2. Solved Problems
      3. Multiple Choice Questions
      4. Answers
      5. Review Questions
  16. Chapter 11 - Fibre Optics
    1. 11.1 - Introduction
    2. 11.2 - Principle of Optical Fibre, Acceptance Angle and Acceptance Cone
    3. 11.3 - Numerical Aperture (NA)
    4. 11.4 - Step Index Fibres and Graded Index Fibres–transmission of signals in them
    5. 11.5 - Difference Between Step Index Fibres and Graded Index Fibres
    6. 11.6 - Differences Between Single Mode Fibres and Multimode Fibres
    7. 11.7 - Attenuation in Optical Fibres
    8. 11.8 - Optical Fibres in Communication
    9. 11.9 - Advantages of Optical Fibres in Communication
    10. 11.10 - Fibre Optic Sensing Applications
    11. 11.11 - Applications of Optical Fibres in Medical Field
      1. Formulae
      2. Solved Problems
      3. Multiple Choice Questions
      4. Answers
      5. Review Questions
  17. Chapter 12 - Holography
    1. 12.1 - Introduction
    2. 12.2 - Basic Principle of Holography
    3. 12.3 - Recording of Image on a Holographic Plate
    4. 12.4 - Reconstruction of Image from a Hologram
    5. 12.5 - Applications of Holography
      1. Multiple Choice Questions
      2. Answers
      3. Review Questions
  18. Chapter 13 - Acoustics of Buildings and Acoustic Quieting
    1. 13.1 - Introduction to Acoustics of Buildings
    2. 13.2 - Reverberation and Time of Reverberation
    3. 13.3 - Sabine's Empirical Formula for Reverberation Time
    4. 13.4 - Sabine's Reverberation Theory for Reverberation Time
    5. 13.5 - Absorption Coefficient of Sound and its Measurement
    6. 13.6 - Basic Requirements of an Acoustically Good Hall
    7. 13.7 - Factors Affecting Architectural Acoustics and their Remedies
    8. 13.8 - Acoustic Quieting
    9. 13.9 - Methods of Quieting
    10. 13.10 - Quieting for Specific Observers
    11. 13.11 - Muffler (or Silencer)
    12. 13.12 - Sound Proofing
      1. Formulae
      2. Solved Problem
      3. Multiple Choice Questions
      4. Answers
      5. Review Questions
  19. Chapter 14 - Nanotechnology
    1. 14.1 - Basic Principle of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
    2. 14.2 - Physical Properties
    3. 14.3 - Chemical Properties
    4. 14.4 - Fabrication
    5. 14.5 - Production of Nanoparticle
    6. 14.6 - Carbon Nanotubes
    7. 14.7 - Application of Nanotechnology
      1. Multiple Choice Questions
      2. Answers
      3. Review Questions
  20. Appendix A - Hexagonal Close Pack (HCP) Structure
  21. Appendix B - Surface Defects
  22. Dictionary of Selected Terms
  23. Question Papers
  24. Acknowledgements
  25. Copyright

Product Information

  • Title: Applied Physics
  • Author(s):
  • Release date: October 2009
  • Publisher(s): Pearson India
  • ISBN: 9788131791813