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Architect’s Handbook of Formulas, Tables, and Mathematical Calculations by David Kent Ballast

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Chapter .  

Table 5-1. Weights of Materials

Basic Materials

Material

Weight (in lb. per cu. ft.)

Weight (in kg. per cu. m)

Liquids

  

Water, 4° C, max. density

62.428

1000

Water, 100° C

59.830

958

Ice

57

913

Snow (fresh fallen)

8

128

  • Note: Use snow load as required by local building department.

  

Sea water

64

1025

Gasoline

42

672

Refined petroleum

50

800

Soil, Sand, Gravel

  

Earth, dry and loose

76

1217

Earth, dry and packed

95

1522

Earth, moist and loose

78

1249

Earth, moist and packed

96

1538

Earth, mud, packed

115

1842

Clay, dry

63

1009

Clay, damp and plastic

110

1762

Sand/gravel, dry and loose

90-105

1442-1682

Sand/gravel, dry and packed

100-120

1602-1922

Sand/gravel, wet

118-120

1890-1922

Wood (at 12% moisture content)

  

Ash, white

41

657

Aspen

27

433

Birch, yellow

43

689

Cedar, northern white

22

352

Cedar, western ...

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