Throughout the nineteenth century architects had debated how, and indeed whether, the advances in technology created by the Industrial Revolution should be reflected in architecture. What is now broadly understood as Modernism emerged from the conclusion that architecture should not only reflect the spirit of the modern age but also that it had a moral obligation to do so. As the cultural response to the conditions of modernity, Modernism, it was argued, had the power to transform how people lived, worked and, fundamentally, understood and responded to the world around them.
Vers une architecture
Despite early experiments it was really not until after World War I that architecture fully embraced Modernism. In 1918 the Swiss-born architect ...