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Architectural Styles by Owen Hopkins

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Glossary

A

Acanthus

A stylized decorative form based on the leaf of an acanthus plant. It is an integral element of Corinthian and Composite capitals, but is also used as a discrete element or as part of a moulded ensemble.

Acroteria

Sculptures – usually urns, palmettes or statues – placed on flat pedestals on top of a pediment. If sculptures are placed at the outer angles of a pediment rather than at the apex, they are called ‘acroteria angularia’.

Aedicule

An architectural frame set into a wall, deployed to indicate a shrine in a sacred building, draw attention to a particular work of art or provide additional surface variegation.

Aisle

In a cathedral or church, the space on either side of the nave behind the main arcades.

Altar

The structure ...

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