Libraries and archives: from subordination to partnership


In the first half of the twentieth century, all the leading public archives in Australia began as organisational units within the relevant public library. In the 1950s, this pattern began to be reversed, with a national government inquiry recommending the Archives Division of the Commonwealth National Library be given its independence. The chapter describes the arguments which supported and resisted continuing library control and the critical role of the visiting US archivist Dr T.R. Schellenberg. It also draws links between these arguments and recent Australian developments in Tasmania and the Northern Territory where public archives now operate under library direction. ...

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