Chapter 1

Introduction

Abstract

Microcontrollers are single chip computers that include a minimum of a microprocessor, memory, and input-output module. Depending on the complexity, some microcontrollers include additional components such as counters, timers, interrupt control circuits, serial communication modules, analog-to-digital converters, digital signal processing modules, and so on. Thus, a microcontroller can be anything from a tiny single chip embedded controller to a large computer system having keyboard, monitor, hard disk, printer, and so on. A microprocessor is different from a microcontroller in many different ways with the main difference being that a microprocessor requires several additional external support chips such as memory ...

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