The Armed Conflict Survey 2021 reviews and analyses events, dynamics and trends related to active armed conflict around the world. We define an armed conflict as a sustained military contest between two or more organised actors making purposive use of armed force. The inclusion of a conflict in the book is based on this definition and the methodology detailed below.

Armed conflicts in 2020–21

The Armed Conflict Survey 2021 includes 34 armed conflicts that were ongoing in the period under review, running between 1 January 2020 and 28 February 2021, with some limited exceptions.1 Five world regions are considered (Americas, Asia, Europe and Eurasia, Middle East and North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa), as we have regrouped ...

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