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Authorized Self-Study Guide Cisco Voice over IP (CVoice) by Kevin Wallace

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Analog Voice Fundamentals

Interfacing Cisco Systems equipment with traditional analog telephony devices requires an understanding of the various interfaces used in the industry. This section introduces analog interfaces that you can select from, including Foreign Exchange Station (FXS), Foreign Exchange Office (FXO), and ear and mouth (E&M).

Local-Loop Connections

A subscriber home telephone connects to the telephone company central office (CO) via an electrical communication path called a local loop, as illustrated in Figure 2-1. The loop consists of a pair of twisted wires. One is called tip; the other is called ring, as shown in Figure 2-2.

Figure 2-1. Local Loops

The names tip and ring come from the plug used by the operators of yesteryear ...

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