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Bioenergy by Anju Dahiya

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Chapter 2

Introduction to Biodiesel and Glossary of Terms

National Biodiesel Board, USA

Abstract

This chapter provides definitions of biodiesel terminology, as well as overviews of the ASTM International standards for biodiesel and the BQ-9000 Fuel Quality Program as described by the National Biodiesel Board, USA.

Keywords

Biodiesel; Biofuel; Cetane number; Feedstocks; Lubricity; Transesterification
What is biodiesel?—Biodiesel is a drop-in diesel alternative, made from domestic, renewable resources such as plant oils, animal fats, used cooking oil, and even new sources such as algae. Biodiesel contains no petroleum, but can be blended with petroleum diesel. Biodiesel blends can be used in compression-ignition (diesel) engines with little or no modifications. ...

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