Most, if not all, of the major technological advances of the 20th Century, from aviation and space flight to nuclear power, computers, and germ warfare, have been tied to military funding. For example, the first major advances in electronic computing were the direct result of military need for computer-based encryption and decryption systems in World War II. In their military-funded work to potentiate the effects of mustard gas in the battlefield, Goodman and Gilman developed the first cancer chemotherapy in the 1940s. The walkie-talkie, developed for troops in World War II, laid the foundation for the cellular phone service. Later, during the cold war with Russia, the U.S. military establishment funded the nascent field of AI as a means ...

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