Sandra D. Ekşioğlu1 and Cerry M. Klein2
1Department of Industrial Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
2 Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA
Production of bioenergy, that being biofuels or renewable electricity, is expected to increase in the near future due to legislation enacted by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. The renewable fuel standard (RFS) (EPA 2007) was an outcome of this legislation. Based on the RFS, 36 billion gallons a year (BGY) of biofuels should be produced by 2022. This standard sets a cap on corn-ethanol production at 15 BGY and requires that at least 16 ...