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Biomass and Biofuels by Thallada Bhaskar, Shibu Jose

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Chapter 7

Utilization of Ionic Liquids for the Processing of Biopolymers

Tushar J. Trivedi1 and Arvind Kumar1,2

1AcSIR, CSIR–Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar, India

2 Salt and Marine Chemicals Division, CSIR–Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar, India

7.1 Introduction

The vast majority of industrial chemical reactions are performed either in the gas phase, with a solid catalyst, or in the solution phase, where the solvent fulfills several functions during a chemical reaction. Solvents dissolve the reactant, which facilitates collisions that must occur in order to transform the reactants to products. The solvent also provides a means of temperature control, either to increase the energy ...

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