Tushar J. Trivedi1 and Arvind Kumar1,2
1AcSIR, CSIR–Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar, India
2 Salt and Marine Chemicals Division, CSIR–Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar, India
The vast majority of industrial chemical reactions are performed either in the gas phase, with a solid catalyst, or in the solution phase, where the solvent fulfills several functions during a chemical reaction. Solvents dissolve the reactant, which facilitates collisions that must occur in order to transform the reactants to products. The solvent also provides a means of temperature control, either to increase the energy ...