Rasika B. Mane and Chandrashekhar V. Rode
Chemical Engineering and Process Development Division, CSIR–National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, India
For the last 70 years or so, crude oil (a nonregenerative feedstock) was the source of fuel and a host of synthetic materials in modern society. Increasing demand for fuels and chemicals in the developing world for power, housing, clothing, and agriculture use has led to increases in crude oil prices that are more than five times those at the beginning of the twentieth century. In addition, CO2 emission by intensive use of fossil resources is seriously threatening the climate of the Earth ...