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Biomass and Biofuels by Thallada Bhaskar, Shibu Jose

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Chapter 16

Biorefineries for Sustainable Production and Distribution

A Case Study from India

Thallada Bhaskar, Bhavya Balagurumurthy, Rawel Singh, and Azad Kumar

Bio-Fuels Division, CSIR–Indian Institute of Petroleum, Dehradun, India

16.1 Introduction

Among the biggest problems that mankind is facing today is the progress toward a sustainable energy supply. Energy scenarios (Global Business Environment Shell International 2001; IEA 2003; European Commission 2006) project that the world’s annual energy consumption will increase steeply from the current 500 exajoules (EJ) per annum to 1000–1500 EJ by 2050.

Crude-oil is the world’s primary source of energy and chemicals with a current demand of about 12 million tonnes per day (84 million barrels ...

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