A Case Study from India
Thallada Bhaskar, Bhavya Balagurumurthy, Rawel Singh, and Azad Kumar
Bio-Fuels Division, CSIR–Indian Institute of Petroleum, Dehradun, India
Among the biggest problems that mankind is facing today is the progress toward a sustainable energy supply. Energy scenarios (Global Business Environment Shell International 2001; IEA 2003; European Commission 2006) project that the world’s annual energy consumption will increase steeply from the current 500 exajoules (EJ) per annum to 1000–1500 EJ by 2050.
Crude-oil is the world’s primary source of energy and chemicals with a current demand of about 12 million tonnes per day (84 million barrels ...