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Biomass and Biofuels by Thallada Bhaskar, Shibu Jose

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Chapter 17

Techno-Economic and Environmental Impacts of Biofuel Options in Brazil

Otavio Cavalett, Tassia L. Junqueira, Mateus F. Chagas, Lucas G. Pereira, and Antonio Bonomi

Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology Laboratory (CTBE), Brazilian Center of Research in Energy and Materials (CNPEM),

Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

17.1 Introduction

In Brazil, about half of the total energy supplied comes from renewable sources, mainly hydroelectric power, sugarcane, and wood. Sugarcane bioenergy is very important in this context; in 2012, it accounted for 15.4% (43.6 Mtoe) of the national energy supply—slightly greater than the contribution of hydroelectric power (13.8%) (EPE 2013). In the road transport sector, the share of biofuels has been considerable: ...

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